Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 20.32

एषा समादियामि प्राणिषु अविहिंसं ब्रह्मचरियं च ।
विरमामि चाप्य् अदिन्नान् मद्याद् अनिबद्धवचनाच् च ॥ ३२ ॥

eṣā samādiyāmi prāṇiṣu avihiṃsaṃ brahmacariyaṃ ca |
viramāmi cāpy adinnān madyād anibaddhavacanāc ca || 32 ||

“I will, my lord, refrain from unkindly speech, and from slander. I will refrain from abusive speech. This is my resolve. (32)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (20.32). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Esha, Sama, Amin, Pranin, Avihimsa, Brahma, Brahman, Cari, Yah, Virama, Adinna, Madya, Anibaddha, Vacana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 20.32). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “eṣā samādiyāmi prāṇiṣu avihiṃsaṃ brahmacariyaṃ ca
  • eṣā -
  • eṣā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • samād -
  • sama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    sama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • iyā -
  • ī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    i (verb class 2)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • ami -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • prāṇiṣu -
  • prāṇin (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    prāṇin (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • avihiṃsam -
  • avihiṃsā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    avihiṃsa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    avihiṃsa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • brahma -
  • brahma (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahma (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    brahman (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    brahm (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • cari -
  • cari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    carī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • yam -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “viramāmi cāpy adinnān madyād anibaddhavacanāc ca
  • viramā -
  • virama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ami -
  • amin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    amin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse cāpy*ad
  • adinnān -
  • adinna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
    adinna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • madyād -
  • madya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    madya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    mad -> madya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √mad]
    mad -> madya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √mad]
    mad -> madya (participle, masculine)
    [ablative single from √mad]
    mad -> madya (participle, neuter)
    [ablative single from √mad]
  • anibaddha -
  • anibaddha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anibaddha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vacanāc -
  • vacana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    vacana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
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