Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 17.52

सुखं अतुलबल दीप्तिद कारय राज्यं चिरं निहतशत्रुः ।
द्वारे ते अमरसदृशा तिष्ठन्ति प्रवेष्टुम् इच्छन्ति ॥ ५२ ॥

sukhaṃ atulabala dīptida kāraya rājyaṃ ciraṃ nihataśatruḥ |
dvāre te amarasadṛśā tiṣṭhanti praveṣṭum icchanti || 52 ||

“O king, peerless in strength, illustrious smiter of your foes, may you wield long and blessed sway. There are men like the immortals standing at your gates and craving admission. (52)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.52). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sukham, Sukha, Atula, Bala, Dipti, Rajya, Ciram, Cira, Nihatashatru, Dvara, Tad, Yushmad, Amara, Sadrish, Sadrisha, Tishthat, Tishthanti, Prava, Ishtu, Icchat, Icchanti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 17.52). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sukhaṃ atulabala dīptida kāraya rājyaṃ ciraṃ nihataśatruḥ
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • atula -
  • atula (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    atula (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bala -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • dīpti -
  • dīpti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dīpti (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dīptī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    dīptī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    dīptī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • da -
  • da (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    da (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kāraya -
  • kṛ (verb class 0)
    [imperative active second single]
  • rājyam -
  • rājya (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājya (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājyā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājyā (participle, feminine)
    [adverb from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj]
    rāj -> rājya (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [accusative single from √rāj class 1 verb], [nominative single from √rāj], [accusative single from √rāj]
  • ciram -
  • ciram (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    cira (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    cira (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    cirā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nihataśatruḥ -
  • nihataśatru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    nihataśatru (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “dvāre te amarasadṛśā tiṣṭhanti praveṣṭum icchanti
  • dvāre -
  • dvāra (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    dvāra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • amara -
  • amara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • sadṛśā -
  • sadṛś (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    sadṛś (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sadṛśā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tiṣṭhanti -
  • tiṣṭhantī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    tiṣṭhantī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    tiṣṭhantī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √sthā class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √sthā class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • prave -
  • prava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    prava (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    pravā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pru (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • iṣṭum -
  • iṣṭu (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • icchanti -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    iṣ -> icchantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √iṣ class 6 verb]
    iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present active third plural]
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