Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 17.4

का दानि शीलसंवरे एवं नारी रता उपशमे च ।
अग्रकुलीना सुवचा त्यागरुचिमार्दववती च ॥ ४ ॥

kā dāni śīlasaṃvare evaṃ nārī ratā upaśame ca |
agrakulīnā suvacā tyāgarucimārdavavatī ca || 4 ||

“What woman is there who rejoices in moral restraint and in calm, who is of noble birth, of gentle speech, who is generous, radiant, and tender? (4)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.4). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Danin, Dani, Shilasamvara, Evam, Eva, Nari, Rata, Upashama, Agra, Kulina, Suvaca, Tyaga, Ruci, Arda, Avat,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 17.4). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “ dāni śīlasaṃvare evaṃ nārī ratā upaśame ca
  • kā* -
  • kās (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [accusative plural]
  • dāni -
  • dānin (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    dānin (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    dānī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    dānī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    dānī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    da (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperative active first single]
  • śīlasaṃvare -
  • śīlasaṃvara (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    śīlasaṃvara (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • evam -
  • evam (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    evam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    evā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • nārī -
  • nārī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    nāri (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ratā* -
  • rata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    ratā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    ram -> rata (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ram class 1 verb]
    ram -> ratā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √ram class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √ram class 1 verb]
  • upaśame -
  • upaśama (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “agrakulīnā suvacā tyāgarucimārdavavatī ca
  • agra -
  • agra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    agra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • kulīnā -
  • kulīnā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • suvacā -
  • suvacā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tyāga -
  • tyāga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rucim -
  • ruci (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    ruci (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • ārda -
  • ārda (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • va -
  • u (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    ū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    o (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    au (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    au (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
    va (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    va (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • avatī -
  • avat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    u -> avat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √u class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √u class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √u class 1 verb]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
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