Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 13.39

आयुःसंस्कारं उत्सृजन्तानां पूर्वा कोटी न प्रज्ञायते ।
निर्वायन्तानां वीराणां पूर्वा कोटी न प्रज्ञायते ॥ ३९ ॥

āyuḥsaṃskāraṃ utsṛjantānāṃ pūrvā koṭī na prajñāyate |
nirvāyantānāṃ vīrāṇāṃ pūrvā koṭī na prajñāyate || 39 ||

Nor the number of those who shed the elements of sentient life, nor of those heroes who pass entirely away. (39)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (13.39). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Ayu, Ayus, Samskara, Purva, Koti, Prajna, Tad, Yushmad, Nih, Vayat, Vira,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 13.39). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “āyuḥsaṃskāraṃ utsṛjantānāṃ pūrvā koṭī na prajñāyate
  • āyuḥ -
  • āyus (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    āyus (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    āyu (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    āyu (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • saṃskāram -
  • saṃskāra (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    saṃskārā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • Cannot analyse utsṛjantānām*pū
  • pūrvā -
  • pūrvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • koṭī -
  • koṭī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    koṭi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prajñāya -
  • prajña (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    prajña (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
  • Line 2: “nirvāyantānāṃ vīrāṇāṃ pūrvā koṭī na prajñāyate
  • nir -
  • niḥ (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    niḥ (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    ni (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    ni (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • vāyan -
  • vai -> vāyat (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √vai class 1 verb], [vocative single from √vai class 1 verb]
  • tānām -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • vīrāṇām -
  • vīra (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
    vīra (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    vīrā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive plural]
  • pūrvā -
  • pūrvā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • koṭī -
  • koṭī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    koṭi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • prajñāya -
  • prajña (noun, masculine)
    [dative single]
    prajña (noun, neuter)
    [dative single]
  • te -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yuṣmad (pronoun, none)
    [dative single], [genitive single]
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