Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 10.47

दुन्दुभ्यो चा मेघोन्नादा पवनखगगगनपरिगा नदन्ति महत्स्वराः पुष्पौघाश् चा दिव्या सृष्टा मरुभि जिनबलवरमुखे सचन्दनचूर्णिताः ।
संतोषातीशययुक्तेभिः सुरमरू जयति सुखकरो रसे रवणीशतैः क्षुब्धासन्ना नानारत्ना उदधिभुवि तलसलिलयोस् तथागततेजसा इति ॥ ४७ ॥

dundubhyo cā meghonnādā pavanakhagagaganaparigā nadanti mahatsvarāḥ puṣpaughāś cā divyā sṛṣṭā marubhi jinabalavaramukhe sacandanacūrṇitāḥ |
saṃtoṣātīśayayuktebhiḥ suramarū jayati sukhakaro rase ravaṇīśataiḥ kṣubdhāsannā nānāratnā udadhibhuvi talasalilayos tathāgatatejasā iti || 47 ||

Loud roars of drums resound, echoing in the clouds and pervading the sky. In the path of Dashabala the Conqueror the devas pour down showers of celestial blossoms and powder of sandal-wood. Suras and devas give vent to hundreds of cries in their exceeding great joy. “The creator of happiness is victorious!” In ocean and on earth hidden treasures of many precious stones were revealed as the earth and water heaved through the power of the Tathagata. (47)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.47). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Megha, Pavana, Khaga, Gagana, Pariga, Nadanti, Nadat, Mahat, Ara, Pushpa, Augha, Divi, Divya, Srishta, Maru, Bha, Jina, Bala, Varam, Vara, Ukha, Candana, Curnita, Santosha, Isha, Ayukta, Ayukti, Sura, Aru, Jayat, Sukhakara, Rasa, Vani, Shata, Kshubdha, Asanna, Nanaratna, Udadhi, Bhu, Tala, Salila, Tathagata, Tejas, Iti,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 10.47). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “dundubhyo meghonnādā pavanakhagagaganaparigā nadanti mahatsvarāḥ puṣpaughāś divyā sṛṣṭā marubhi jinabalavaramukhe sacandanacūrṇitāḥ
  • dundubhyo -
  • cā* -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • megho -
  • megha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    megha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    meghā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • unnādā -
  • pavana -
  • pavana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pavana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • khaga -
  • khaga (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    khaga (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • gagana -
  • gagana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parigā* -
  • pariga (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    parigā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nadanti -
  • nadantī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    nadat (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    nad -> nadat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √nad class 1 verb], [vocative plural from √nad class 1 verb], [accusative plural from √nad class 1 verb]
    nad -> nadantī (participle, feminine)
    [vocative single from √nad class 1 verb]
    nad (verb class 1)
    [present active third plural]
  • mahatsva -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [locative plural]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [locative plural]
  • arāḥ -
  • ara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    arā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
    rās (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single]
  • puṣpau -
  • puṣpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    puṣpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṣpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aughāś -
  • augha (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • cā* -
  • ca (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • divyā -
  • divī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
    divyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • sṛṣṭā* -
  • sṛṣṭa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sṛṣṭā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sṛj -> sṛṣṭa (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb]
    sṛj -> sṛṣṭā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb], [vocative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb], [accusative plural from √sṛj class 6 verb]
  • maru -
  • maru (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    marū (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    marū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    marū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • bhi -
  • bhī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    bhā (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • jina -
  • jina (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    jina (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bala -
  • bala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    bal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • varam -
  • varam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ukhe -
  • ukha (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    ukhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • sa -
  • sa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • candana -
  • candana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    candana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • cūrṇitāḥ -
  • cūrṇita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    cūrṇitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • Line 2: “saṃtoṣātīśayayuktebhiḥ suramarū jayati sukhakaro rase ravaṇīśataiḥ kṣubdhāsannā nānāratnā udadhibhuvi talasalilayos tathāgatatejasā iti
  • santoṣāt -
  • santoṣa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
    santoṣa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • īśa -
  • īśa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    īśa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ya -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [adverb]
  • ayukte -
  • ayukta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single], [locative single]
    ayukta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    ayuktā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single], [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ayukti (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    yuj (verb class 7)
    [aorist middle third single]
  • ibhiḥ -
  • i (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • suram -
  • sura (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sura (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    surā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • arū -
  • aru (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • jayati -
  • jayati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    jayat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    jayat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
    ji -> jayat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji -> jayat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √ji class 1 verb]
    ji (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • sukhakaro* -
  • sukhakara (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rase -
  • rasa (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    rasā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    ras (verb class 1)
    [present middle first single]
  • ra -
  • ra (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ra (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • vaṇī -
  • vaṇi (noun, masculine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vaṇi (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • śataiḥ -
  • śata (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • kṣubdhā -
  • kṣubdha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣubdha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kṣubdhā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    kṣubh -> kṣubdha (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
    kṣubh -> kṣubdha (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [vocative single from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
    kṣubh -> kṣubdhā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √kṣubh class 1 verb], [nominative single from √kṣubh class 4 verb], [nominative single from √kṣubh class 5 verb], [nominative single from √kṣubh class 9 verb]
  • asannā* -
  • asanna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    asannā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • nānāratnā* -
  • nānāratna (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
  • udadhi -
  • udadhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    udadhi (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    udadhi (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • bhuvi -
  • bhū (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhū (noun, feminine)
    [locative single]
  • tala -
  • tala (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tala (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tal (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • salilayos -
  • salila (noun, masculine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    salila (noun, neuter)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
    salilā (noun, feminine)
    [genitive dual], [locative dual]
  • tathāgata -
  • tathāgata (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathāgata (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tejasā -
  • tejas (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
  • iti -
  • iti (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    iti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
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