Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 10.43

गत्वा तस्मिं स्त्रीभिः सार्धं प्रविचरति मुदितसुखिता वने वनलोलया सा चोद्यानं पर्यण्वन्ती तरुणलतकिशलयधरां ददर्श ऽथ लुम्बिनीं ।
तस्याः शाखां गृह्यान परमरतिसुखमुदिता सलील-अवस्थिता सा तत्र शाखां रक्षन्ती जनयि जिनम् अजितमनसं महामुनिम् उत्तमं ॥ ४३ ॥

gatvā tasmiṃ strībhiḥ sārdhaṃ pravicarati muditasukhitā vane vanalolayā sā codyānaṃ paryaṇvantī taruṇalatakiśalayadharāṃ dadarśa 'tha lumbinīṃ |
tasyāḥ śākhāṃ gṛhyāna paramaratisukhamuditā salīla-avasthitā sā tatra śākhāṃ rakṣantī janayi jinam ajitamanasaṃ mahāmunim uttamaṃ || 43 ||

She went, and wandered forth with her women, roaming the forest, glad and happy and eager. While she paced the forest, she espied a lumbini tree bearing fresh creepers and shoots, and, in the rapture of perfect joy and gladness she grasped a branch of it, and playfully lingered there. As she held the branch she gave birth to the Conqueror of the unconquered mind, the great supreme seer. (43)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.43). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Stri, Sardham, Sardha, Mudita, Sukhita, Vana, Vani, Lola, Codya, Pari, Anu, Anva, Anti, Taruna, Kishalaya, Dhara, Lumbini, Shakha, Grihya, Parama, Rati, Sukham, Sukha, Udita, Salila, Avasthita, Tatra, Rakshat, Rakshanti, Jina, Ajita, Anasa, Mahamuni, Uttamam, Uttama,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 10.43). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “gatvā tasmiṃ strībhiḥ sārdhaṃ pravicarati muditasukhitā vane vanalolayā codyānaṃ paryaṇvantī taruṇalatakiśalayadharāṃ dadarśa 'tha lumbinīṃ
  • gatvā -
  • gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
    gam -> gatvā (absolutive)
    [absolutive from √gam]
  • Cannot analyse tasmim*st
  • strībhiḥ -
  • strī (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental plural]
  • sārdham -
  • sārdham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sārdha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sārdha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sārdhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • pravi -
  • pravi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • carati -
  • car (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • mudita -
  • mudita (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mudita (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √mud class 1 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √mud class 1 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, masculine)
    [vocative single from √mud class 10 verb]
    mud -> mudita (participle, neuter)
    [vocative single from √mud class 10 verb]
  • sukhitā* -
  • sukhita (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    sukhitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    sukh -> sukhita (participle, masculine)
    [nominative plural from √sukh class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √sukh class 10 verb]
    sukh -> sukhitā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative plural from √sukh class 10 verb], [vocative plural from √sukh class 10 verb], [accusative plural from √sukh class 10 verb]
  • vane -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    vanā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    vani (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
    vani (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • vana -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    van (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • lolayā -
  • lolā (noun, feminine)
    [instrumental single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • codyān -
  • codya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    cud -> codya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √cud]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • parya -
  • pari (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    pari (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    pari (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    pari (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    parī (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    parī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single]
    parī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • aṇva -
  • aṇu (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    aṇu (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    aṇu (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    aṇva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • antī -
  • antī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    anti (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • taruṇa -
  • taruṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    taruṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • la -
  • la (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ta -
  • ta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tan (noun, masculine)
    [compound]
  • kiśalaya -
  • kiśalaya (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    kiśalaya (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dharām -
  • dharā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Cannot analyse dadarśa'tha*lu
  • lumbinīm -
  • lumbinī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “tasyāḥ śākhāṃ gṛhyāna paramaratisukhamuditā salīla-avasthitā tatra śākhāṃ rakṣantī janayi jinam ajitamanasaṃ mahāmunim uttamaṃ
  • tasyāḥ -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [ablative single], [genitive single]
  • śākhām -
  • śākhā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • gṛhyān -
  • gṛhya (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
    grah -> gṛhya (participle, masculine)
    [accusative plural from √grah class 9 verb]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parama -
  • parama (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    parama (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rati -
  • rati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    ratī (noun, feminine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
  • sukham -
  • sukham (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    sukha (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    sukhā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • uditā -
  • uditā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    vad -> uditā (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √vad class 1 verb]
  • salīla -
  • salīla (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    salīla (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • avasthitā -
  • avasthitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • tatra -
  • tatra (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    tatra (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tatra (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • śākhām -
  • śākhā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • rakṣantī -
  • rakṣ -> rakṣat (participle, neuter)
    [nominative dual from √rakṣ class 1 verb], [vocative dual from √rakṣ class 1 verb], [accusative dual from √rakṣ class 1 verb]
    rakṣ -> rakṣantī (participle, feminine)
    [nominative single from √rakṣ class 1 verb]
  • Cannot analyse janayi*ji
  • jinam -
  • jina (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    jina (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    jinā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • ajitam -
  • ajita (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ajita (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ajitā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • anasam -
  • anas (noun, neuter)
    [adverb]
    anasa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    anasa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nas (verb class 1)
    [imperfect active first single]
  • mahāmunim -
  • mahāmuni (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • uttamam -
  • uttamam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    uttama (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    uttama (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    uttamā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
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