Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 10.42

प्रासादाग्रे देवी माया सुरपतिप्रवरभवने वा सुखैः प्रविचार्यते नृत्यैर् गीतैर् लास्यैर् वाद्यैः श्रवणहृदिनयनसुभगैः सुरेष्व् इव देवता ।
सा देवी राजानं खिन्नं वदति वनवरं महिपते व्रजेयं यद्ऽ इच्छसि लुम्बोद्यानं पुष्पाकीर्णं मधुमधुरपरभृतरुतं मनोहृदिनन्दनं ॥ ४२ ॥

prāsādāgre devī māyā surapatipravarabhavane vā sukhaiḥ pravicāryate nṛtyair gītair lāsyair vādyaiḥ śravaṇahṛdinayanasubhagaiḥ sureṣv iva devatā |
sā devī rājānaṃ khinnaṃ vadati vanavaraṃ mahipate vrajeyaṃ yad' icchasi lumbodyānaṃ puṣpākīrṇaṃ madhumadhuraparabhṛtarutaṃ manohṛdinandanaṃ || 42 ||

Queen Maya was on the terrace of her valiant husband’s fair palace, like a goddess among the Suras, being entertained by merry dancing accompanied by songs and music that were a delight to ear, heart and eye. To the anxious king the queen said, “My lord, if you will, I shall withdraw to the forest, to the Lumba park, which is carpeted with flowers, and filled with the sweet notes of the cuckoo which give joy to heart and soul.” (42)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (10.42). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Prasadagra, Devi, Devin, Maya, Pravara, Bhavana, Sukha, Nritya, Gita, Lasya, Vadya, Shravana, Hrid, Nayana, Subhaga, Iva, Devata, Rajan, Rajana, Khinna, Vadat, Vana, Varam, Vara, Mahipati, Lumba, Udyana, Pushpa, Akirna, Madhu, Adhura, Parabhrita, Ruta, Mana, Manas, Manu, Nandana,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 10.42). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “prāsādāgre devī māyā surapatipravarabhavane sukhaiḥ pravicāryate nṛtyair gītair lāsyair vādyaiḥ śravaṇahṛdinayanasubhagaiḥ sureṣv iva devatā
  • prāsādāgre -
  • prāsādāgra (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • devī -
  • devī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    devin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • māyā -
  • māyā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • surapati -
  • surapati (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • pravara -
  • pravara (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    pravara (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • bhavane -
  • bhavana (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    bhavana (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • -
  • (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • sukhaiḥ -
  • sukha (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    sukha (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • pravi -
  • pravi (Preverb)
    [Preverb]
  • cāryate -
  • car (verb class 0)
    [present passive third single]
  • nṛtyair -
  • nṛtya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    nṛt -> nṛtya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √nṛt class 4 verb]
    nṛt -> nṛtya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √nṛt class 4 verb]
  • gītair -
  • gīta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    gīta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • lāsyair -
  • lāsya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    lāsya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    las -> lāsya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √las class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √las]
    las -> lāsya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √las class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √las]
  • vādyaiḥ -
  • vādya (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    vādya (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
    vad -> vādya (participle, masculine)
    [instrumental plural from √vad class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √vad]
    vad -> vādya (participle, neuter)
    [instrumental plural from √vad class 1 verb], [instrumental plural from √vad]
  • śravaṇa -
  • śravaṇa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    śravaṇa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • hṛdi -
  • hṛd (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • nayana -
  • nayana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    nayana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • subhagaiḥ -
  • subhaga (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    subhaga (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • Cannot analyse sureṣv*iv
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb)
    [indeclinable adverb]
    iva (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
  • devatā -
  • devatā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    devatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “ devī rājānaṃ khinnaṃ vadati vanavaraṃ mahipate vrajeyaṃ yad' icchasi lumbodyānaṃ puṣpākīrṇaṃ madhumadhuraparabhṛtarutaṃ manohṛdinandanaṃ
  • sā* -
  • so (noun, feminine)
    [accusative plural]
  • devī -
  • devī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [nominative single]
    devin (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • rājānam -
  • rājāna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    rājāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rājan (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • khinnam -
  • khinna (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    khinna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    khinnā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    khid -> khinna (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √khid class 4 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 6 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 7 verb]
    khid -> khinna (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √khid class 4 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 4 verb], [nominative single from √khid class 6 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 6 verb], [nominative single from √khid class 7 verb], [accusative single from √khid class 7 verb]
  • vadati -
  • vad -> vadat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad -> vadat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √vad class 1 verb]
    vad (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • vana -
  • vana (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    vana (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    van (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • varam -
  • varam (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    vara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    vara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    varā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • mahipate -
  • mahipati (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • vrajeyam -
  • vraj (verb class 1)
    [optative active first single]
  • Cannot analyse yad'*ic
  • icchasi -
  • iṣ (verb class 6)
    [present active second single]
  • lumbo -
  • lumba (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    lumba (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    lumb (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • udyānam -
  • udyāna (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • puṣpā -
  • puṣpa (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṣpa (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    puṣpā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • ākīrṇam -
  • ākīrṇa (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ākīrṇa (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ākīrṇā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
  • madhum -
  • madhu (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • adhura -
  • adhura (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    adhura (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • parabhṛta -
  • parabhṛta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • rutam -
  • ruta (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ruta (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    rutā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    ru -> ruta (participle, masculine)
    [accusative single from √ru class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ru class 2 verb]
    ru -> ruta (participle, neuter)
    [nominative single from √ru class 1 verb], [accusative single from √ru class 1 verb], [nominative single from √ru class 2 verb], [accusative single from √ru class 2 verb]
    ru (verb class 2)
    [imperative active second dual]
  • mano -
  • manas (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    mana (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    manu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
    manu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • hṛdi -
  • hṛd (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • nandanam -
  • nandana (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    nandana (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    nandanā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: