Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 2.40

संघातस्मिं च नरके महता पर्वता अधो ।
तेषाम् अन्तरिकं सत्वा मृगवशो प्रवेशिता ॥ ४० ॥

saṃghātasmiṃ ca narake mahatā parvatā adho |
teṣām antarikaṃ satvā mṛgavaśo praveśitā || 40 ||

From the surface of the hell Samghata mountains rise up on both sides. In between these mountains beings are herded in immense numbers. (40)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.40). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Naraka, Mahat, Mahata, Parvata, Dhu, Tad, Anta, Kah, Satvan, Mrigava, Praveshita,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 2.40). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “saṃghātasmiṃ ca narake mahatā parvatā adho
  • Cannot analyse saṅghātasmim*ca
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • narake -
  • naraka (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    naraka (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
  • mahatā -
  • mahat (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    mahat (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    mahatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • parvatā* -
  • parvata (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural]
    parvatā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
  • a -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • dho -
  • dhu (noun, feminine)
    [vocative single]
  • Line 2: “teṣām antarikaṃ satvā mṛgavaśo praveśitā
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • anta -
  • anta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    anta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ant (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
  • ri -
  • (noun, feminine)
    rai (noun, masculine)
  • kam -
  • ka (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
    ka (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
    kaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • satvā -
  • satvan (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • mṛgava -
  • mṛgava (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • śo -
  • praveśitā -
  • praveśitā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
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