Mahavastu [sanskrit verses and english]

by Émile Senart | 1882 | 56,574 words

This is the Sanskrit Mahavastu: a lengthy work on Buddhist teachings and narratives belonging to the school of early Buddhism (Mahasanghika). This edition only includes those metrical verses occuring in the various stories and Jatakas, as well as the corresponding English translation by J. J. Jones.

Verse 2.27

तेन ताम् अवगाहन्ति तप्तां क्षारोदकां नदीं ।
तेषां च अङ्गमङ्गानि क्षतानि प्रतिविध्यत ॥ २७ ॥

tena tām avagāhanti taptāṃ kṣārodakāṃ nadīṃ |
teṣāṃ ca aṅgamaṅgāni kṣatāni pratividhyata || 27 ||

There they dive into the river’s hot and caustic water, which pierces all of their tortured limbs. (27)

English translation by J. J. Jones (1949) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (2.27). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Tad, Tena, Tapta, Ksharodaka, Nadi, Anga, Kshata, Pratividhi,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahavastu Verse 2.27). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “tena tām avagāhanti taptāṃ kṣārodakāṃ nadīṃ
  • tena -
  • tena (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ta (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    ta (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    tad (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental single]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental single]
    tan (verb class 8)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 4)
    [perfect active second plural]
    tan (verb class 1)
    [perfect active second plural]
  • tām -
  • (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • avag -
  • vac (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second single], [imperfect active third single]
  • ā -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • ahanti -
  • ahanti (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
  • taptām -
  • taptā (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
    tap -> taptā (participle, feminine)
    [accusative single from √tap class 1 verb], [accusative single from √tap class 4 verb]
  • kṣārodakā -
  • kṣārodaka (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • am -
  • a (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    ap (noun, feminine)
    [compound]
    ap (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    ā (noun, feminine)
    [adverb]
    e (noun, masculine)
    [accusative single]
  • nadīm -
  • nadī (noun, feminine)
    [accusative single]
  • Line 2: “teṣāṃ ca aṅgamaṅgāni kṣatāni pratividhyata
  • teṣām -
  • tad (noun, neuter)
    [genitive plural]
    sa (noun, masculine)
    [genitive plural]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • aṅgam -
  • aṅga (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative single]
    aṅga (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [nominative single], [accusative single]
  • aṅgāni -
  • aṅga (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    aṅg (verb class 1)
    [imperative active first single]
  • kṣatāni -
  • kṣata (noun, neuter)
    [nominative plural], [vocative plural], [accusative plural]
    kṣan -> kṣata (participle, neuter)
    [nominative plural from √kṣan class 8 verb], [vocative plural from √kṣan class 8 verb], [accusative plural from √kṣan class 8 verb]
  • pratividhya -
  • pratividhi (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ata -
  • at (verb class 1)
    [imperative active second single]
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