Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön | 2001 | 940,961 words

This is the English translation of the Maha-prajnaparamita-sastra (“the treatise on the great virtue of wisdom”) by Nagarjuna (c. 2nd century A.D.). The book, in the form of an encyclopedia on Buddhism, is a commentary on the Pancavimsatisahasrika Prajnaparamita (“the perfection of wisdom in five thousand lines”). Volume I describes the conditions...

Chapter XXXVII - The Ten Concepts

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[229a] Sūtra (cf. Pañcaviṃśati, p. 20, l. 5–9; Śatasāhasrikā, p. 60, l. 15–61, l. 6). – [The bodhisattva-mahāsattva should completely fulfill] the ten concepts (daśa saṃjñāḥ), namely:

  1. impermanence (anityasaṃjñā),
  2. suffering (duḥkhasaṃjñā),
  3. non-self (anātmasaṃjñā),
  4. the disgusting nature of food (āhāre pratikūlasaṃjñā),
  5. distaste for the entire world (sarvaloke ’nabhiratisaṃjñā),
  6. death (maraṇasaṃjñā),
  7. impurity (aśucisaṃjñā),
  8. abandonment (prahāṇasaṃjñā).
  9. detachment (virāgasaṃjñā),
  10. cessation (nirodhasaṃjñā).

Śāstra.-