Guide to Tipitaka

Canonical Pâli Buddhist Literature of the Theravâda School

by U Ko Lay | 48,543 words

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Part II - Bhikkhu Vagga

(1) Ambalafthikarahulovada Sutta

In this discourse, given at Rajagaha, the Buddha exhorted hisson Rahula, a samanera aged seven, on the necessity of observing thefundamental moral precept of truthfulness, and of practising mind-fulness, by giving the similes of the upturned water pot, the royalelephant and the mirror

(2) Maharahulovada Sutta

This discourse on the five khandhas, was given at Savatthi bythe Buddha to Rahula at the age of eighteen The Venerable Sariputtaalso taught Rahula the meditation on Anapana. The Buddha furtherexplained to him the advantages of Anapana meditation and gavehim another discourse on the four great elements

(3) CfUamalukya Sutta

This discourse was given at Savatthi to the bhikkhu Malukya.Bhikkhu Malukya interrupted his meditation one afternoon, went tothe Buddha and asked him the well-known classical questions: Is theuniverse eternal or not, etc; is the soul the same as the body, is the soulone thing and body another, etc.; does life exist after death, or doesit not exist after death

The Buddha explained to him that the practice of the holy life didnot depend upon these views Whatever view one may hold aboutthem, there would still be birth, ageing, decay, death, sorrow, lamen-tation, pain, grief, distress. The Buddha said that he taught only aboutdukkha, the cause of dukkha, the cessation of dukkha and the wayleading to the cessation of dukkha.

(4) Mahamalukya Sutta

This discourse was given to bhikkhu Malukya at Savatthi to ex-plain the five fetters, namely, personality belief, doubt, attachment towrong practice, sensual desires and ill will, which lead beings to lowerdestinations.

(5) Bhaddali Sutta

This discourse, given at Savatthi, is an exhortation to bhikkhuBhaddali who refused to obey the disciplinary rule of not eating aftermidday and in the evening; the Buddha explained why bhikkhus in theTeaching should respect the disciplinary rules laid down by him

(6) Latukikopama Sutta

This discourse was given to the Venerable Udayi in connectionwith observance^ of disciplinary rules and precepts. When the fivestrengths (balas), namely, faith, energy, mindfulness, concentrationand insight are not well developed, the bhikkhu finds even a paltryrestraint like refraining from eating meals in the afternoon and in theevening very irksome and onerous. But when the five Balas are fullydeveloped, even stringent rules can be observed without any diffi-culty or discomfort

(7) Catuma Sutta

This discourse was given at Catuma to the disciples of the Vener-able Sariputta and the Venerable Maha Moggallana, who came withfive hundred bhikkhus to see the Buddha The five hundred bhikkhusmade a lot of noise while settling down The Buddha refused to seethem at first, but later relented and taught them the dangers in theMe of a bhikkhu Just as there are dangers and hazards in a sea likestormy waves, crocodiles, whirlpools, and sharks, so also there aredangers against which the bhikkhu must be always on guard, name-ly, ill will against those who instruct them and guide them, dissatis-faction with training rules such as those concerning taking of mealsor dealing with womenfolk, and pleasures of senses

(8) Nalakapana Sutta

This discourse was given to the Venerable Anuruddha and to thevillagers of Nalakapana to explain that unless a bhikkhu had attain-ed the higher stages of Magga and Phala, accomplishments in super-normal psychic powers may prove to be harmful to him. The Buddhahimself talked about the destinations of the departed persons not toearn praise and admiration but to arouse enthusiasm and faith in hisdisciples

(9) Goliyani Sutta

This discourse was given at Rajagaha by the Venerable Sariputtato Goliyani Bhikkhu concerning eighteen dhammas which a forestdwelling bhikkhu should observe

(10) Kitagiri Sutta

This discourse was given at the market town of Kitagiri on theadvantages of taking meals only before noon and the disadvantagesof eating in the evening.

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