- BEST RATED DEFINITION:
N (Consciousness that knows). Knowledge.
Vinnana is made of vi and nana. So vinnana are special knowledge. When a citta arise at eye while seeing a colour, that citta particularly knows the colour. No other citta can know the colour. So it is a form of vinnana citta.
'consciousness', is one of the 5 groups of existence (aggregates; khandha); one of the 4 nutriments (āhāra); the 3rd link of the dependent origination (paticcasamuppāda); the 5th in the sixfold division of elements (dhātu).
Viewed as one of the 5 groups (khandha), it is inseparably linked with the 3 other mental groups (feeling, perception and formations) and furnishes the bare cognition of the object, while the other 3 contribute more specific functions. Its ethical and karmic character, and its greater or lesser degree of intensity and clarity, are chiefly determined by the mental formations associated with it.
Just like the other groups of existence, consciousness is a flux (viññāna-sotā, 'stream of c.') and does not constitute an abiding mind-substance; nor is it a transmigrating entity or soul. The 3 characteristics (s. ti-lakkhana), impermanence, suffering and no-self, are frequently applied to it in the texts (e.g., in the Anattalakkhana Sutta, S.XXII, 59). The Buddha often stressed that "apart from conditions, there is no arising of consciousness' (M 38); and all these statements about its nature hold good for the entire range of consciousness, be it "past, future or presently arisen, gross or subtle, in oneself or external, inferior or lofty, far or near" (S. XXII, 59).
According to the 6 senses it divides into 6 kinds, viz. eye- (or visual) consciousness (cakkhu-v.), etc. About the dependent arising of these 6 kinds of consciousness, Vis.M. XV, 39 says: 'Conditioned through the eye, the visible object, light and attention, eye-consciousness arises. Conditioned through the ear, the audible object, the ear-passage and attention, ear-consciousness arises. Conditioned, through the nose, the olfactive object, air and attention, nose-consciousness arises. Conditioned through the tongue, the gustative object, humidity and attention, tongue-consciousness arises. Conditioned through the body, bodily impression, the earth-element and attention, body-consciousness arises. Conditioned through the subconscious mind (bhavanga-mano), the mind-object and attention, mind-consciousness arises."
The Abhidhamma literature distinguishes 89 classes of consciousness, being either karmically wholesome, unwholesome or neutral, and belonging either to the sense-sphere, the fine-material or the immaterial sphere, or to supermundane consciousness. See Table I.
Vijñāna or viññāṇa is translated as "consciousness," "life force," "mind," or "discernment."
1) Throughout Pali literature, viññāṇa can be found as one of a handful of synonyms for the mental force that animates the otherwise inert material body. In a number of Pali texts though, the term has a more nuanced and context-specific (or "technical") meaning.
2) Hinduism; Sri Ramakrishna defines vijñāna as
"He alone who, after reaching the Nitya, the Absolute, can dwell in the Līlā, the :Relative, and again climb from the Līlā to the Nitya, has ripe knowledge and :devotion. Sages like Narada cherished love of God after attaining the Knowledge of :Brahman. This is called vijnāna." Also: "What is vijnana? It is to know God distinctly by realizing His existence through an intuitive experience and to speak to Him intimately."
- FIND THE MEANING OF THIS ITEM IN OTHER TEXT:Search found: 79 related definition(s) for 'Vinnana'.
Below are the 15 most popular ones:
Consciousness element (viññāṇa-dhātu): Described as "pure and bright&quo...
|· Alaya Vijnana||
Usually rendered storehouse consciousness. In Yogacara philosophy, this is the u...
|· Vinnana Sutta||
1. Vinnana Sutta. In him who contemplates the enjoyment of all that makes for ...
|· Cakkhu Viññāna||
'eye-consciousness' (s. viññāna).
|· Viññāna Tthiti||
'abodes or supports of consciousness'. The texts describe 7 such abodes (e.g. A....
|· Viññāna Kicca||
'functions of consciousness', as exercised within a process of consciousness or ...
Paccaya or 'condition', is something on which something else, the so-called '...
Element; property, impersonal condition. The four physical elements or propertie...
Citta is derived from the PaIi word for thinking (cinteti). All cittas have in c...
|· Five Skandhas||
Or Five Aggregates, that is, the five components of an intelligent beings, or...
Vasana (energy of habit) -- beginningless tendency immanent to the "seeds&q...
The five groups of elements (Dharmas) into which all existences are classified...
Mind, name, mental factors, mentality
See dependent arising.
The Sautrāntika were an early school of Buddhist philosophy, generally believ...
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