Vairāja, aka: Vairaja, Vairājā; 2 Definition(s)
1) Vairāja (वैराज):—The Sanskrit name for one of the five Vimānas created by Brahmā, the great Creator, in the hoary past for gods. They were for travelling in the air, beautiful to look at, colossal in shape, made of gold and studded with gems. Vairāja was to be used by Brahmā himself. Vimānas represent the ‘aerial chariots’ of the gods, but also refers to seven-storey palaces. It is described in the 11th-century Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra (49.3) by Bhojadeva. Accordingly, “Vairāja may be a square shaped”. It is from the self-same five shapes of Vimānas that later on, Brahmā created the Prāsāda.
The Vairāja type of Vimāna exhibits twenty-four different temples:
These are the names of 24 out of a total of 64 temples (prāsāda) mentioned in same chapter.
2) Vairāja (वैराज):—The name of a group of temple classifications, comprising 9 square-shaped temple categories, according to the 8th-century Agnipurāṇa. The Vairāja group is one of the five groups mentioned in the purāṇa, and represents the North-Indian classification of temples.
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- · The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, Part IV > ... > VIII, 1, 2. Second Brāhmaṇa
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the description of the Lokāloka space
- · The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, Part III > ... > V, 4, 1. Fourth Adhyāya. First Brāhmaṇa
- · The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, Part IV > ... > VIII. 6, 1. Sixth Adhyāya. First Brāhmaṇa
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Essential features of a divine temple or of a palace
- · The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, Part III > Introduction
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > Chapter V
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > Chapter XIII
- · The Garuda Purana > An Account of the Coming to Birth of People who have done Good
- · The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, Part V > Index to Parts III, IV, and V.
- · The Śatapatha Brāhmaṇa, Part I > Introduction
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