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Upaya, aka: Upāya, Ūpāya, Upāyā; 6 Definition(s)

Upaya means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Pali Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

6 Definition(s) from various sources:

1) Upaya (उपय).—Śveta Parāśara group.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 201. 36.

2) Upāyā (उपाया).—Seven in number: sāma, bheda, daṇḍa, dāna, upekṣā, māyā and indrajāla Acts done with upāyās become fruitful.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 222. 1-3; Vāyu-purāṇa 62. 158.
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Upaya (उपय) has been defined by Charaka as vidhi or methodology of chikitsa is Upaya. In the context of dashavidha-parikshya-bhavas Charaka has defined upaya in context of supremacy of bhishak. Dictionary meanings of Upaya are excellence, goodness, suppleness or extreme skilfulness.

Upaya is excellence of physician and pharmacist etc. and their proper arrangement, it is characterized by (physicians etc.). endowed with their respective qualities and proper application of the therapy along with (the consideration) of place, time, dose, suitability, processing etc. which are the factors leading to success.

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Upāyas are stratagems for worldly success and achieving one’s goals or self-initiated methods for attaining Liberation recommended by the Scriptures such as Bhakti, Jñana and Karma Yoga, pilgrimages, austerities, and other spiritual practices.

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Upāyas: Means. The soul needs the means to get rid of the Malas, obtain Anugraha or Grace of Siva and gain an entry into the Universal Siva Consciousness from the state of limited individual consciousness. Spiritual discipline is the centerpiece of this effort. It is also called Avesa (absorption in Siva). Abhi is of the opinion that an individual to should try and use Sambhavopaya the highest means first for realizing God Consciousness. Barring its success, one should proceed to the next best and so on. This list I have given goes from the lowest to the highest with Anupaya being in the epicenter of God realization. This entry is Samvesa.

There are four upayas or means: There are actually four entities that one can meditate on: the individual Body, the evolutes of Sakti, Siva Himself and Null means. They are respectively

  1. Anavopaya,
  2. Saktopaya,
  3. Sambhovopaya,
  4. Anupaya.

Progression from the first to the third is pAramparika.

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Upāya, (fr. upa + i, cp. upaya) approach; fig. way, means, expedient, stratagem S. III, 53 sq. , 58; D. III, 220 (°kosalla); Sn. 321 (°ññū); J. I, 256; Nd2 570 (for upaya); PvA. 20, 31, 39, 45, 104, 161; Sdhp. 10, 12. 350, 385.—Cases adverbially; Instr. upāyena by artifice or means of a trick PvA. 93; yena kenaci u. PvA. 113.—Abl. upāyaso by some means, somehow J. III, 443; V, 401 (= upāyena C.). ‹-› anupāya wrong means J. I, 256; Sdhp. 405; without going near, without having a propensity for S. I, 181; M. III, 25.

—kusala clever in resource J. I, 98; Nett 20; SnA 274. (Page 149)

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Upaya, (fr. upa + i, cp. upāya) approach, undertaking, taking up; clinging to, attachment, only as adj. (-°) in an° (anûpaya metri causā) not going near, aloof, unattached S. I, 141, 181; II, 284; Sn. 786, 787, 897 (cp. SnA 558); and in rūpûpaya (vv. ll. rūpupaya & rūpupāya) “clinging to form” (etc.) S. III, 53 = Nd1 25 = Nd2 570 (+ rup’ārammaṇa). (Page 145)

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Ūpāya, at DhA. II, 93 stands for upāya. (Page 158)

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upaya : (m.) attachment. || upāya (m.), way; means; resource.

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Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Upaya Sutta
Upāya, (fr. upa + i, cp. upaya) approach; fig. way, means, expedient, stratagem S. III, 53 sq....
Śāmbhava Upāya
Sambhavopaya = Śāmbhava Upāya. (the means or path of Sambhava or SamAvesa = Immersion of ind...
Vajrayana
According to Vajrayāna Prajñā and Upāya reside within the body of sentient being. Upāya resi...
Pāramitā
Pāramitā, (f.) (pāramī+tā)=pāramī Nett 87. (Page 454)
Saṅkhāra
Saṅkhāra, (fr. saṃ+kṛ, not Vedic, but as saṃskāra Epic & Class. Sk. meaning “preparation” and “...
Anupāya
Sambhavopaya = Śāmbhava Upāya. (the means or path of Sambhava or SamAvesa = Immersion of i...
Dharma
Dharma (धर्म):—The term Dharma is derived from the root dhṛ which means to nourish, to...
Kosalla
Kosalla, (nt.) (der. fr. kusala) proficiency. There are 3 kinds mentioned at D. III, 220, Vbh. ...
Kalachakra
Kālacakra is an ideo-realistic monism. Bodhicitta is a transcendental reality but its true b...
Aushadhi
Aushadhi, literally, “plants,” also rendered oshadhi, from osha, “light-be...
ñāya
Naya, (adj. -n.) (from nayati, to lead, see neti) “leading”; usually m: way (fig.), method, pl...
Bheda
Bheda (भेद, “explosion”):—The last of the six stages of Saṃprāpti (‘...
Śrāvaka
In the śrāvaka system, the Buddha, by the power of his skillful means (upāya), pretends to a...
Mokṣopāya
The Mokṣopāya, the “Means to Liberation.” It is equally huge, about 30,000 verse...
Saddharma Puṇḍarīka Sūtra
The Lotus Sūtra (Sanskrit: Saddharma Puṇḍarīka Sūtra) is one of the most popular and influen...

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