Tipitaka, aka: Tripiṭaka, Tripitaka, Tipiṭaka; 22 Definition(s)
Tripiṭaka (Pali: Tipitaka) is a Sanskrit word meaning Three Baskets. It is the traditional term used by Buddhist traditions to describe their various canons of scriptures. The expression Three Baskets originally referred to three receptacles containing the scrolls on which the Buddhist scriptures were originally preserved. Hence, the Tripiṭaka traditionally contains three "baskets" of teachings: a Sūtra Piṭaka (Sanskrit; Pali: Sutta Pitaka), a Vinaya Piṭaka (Sanskrit & Pali) and an Abhidharma Piṭaka (Sanskrit; Pali: Abhidhamma Piṭaka).
Tripitaka is the three main categories of texts that make up the Buddhist canon.
- Sutras: These are mainly teachings and sermons of Buddha originally transcribed in Sanskrit or Pali. They may contain descriptions of Buddha and parables which may help lead to enlightenment of the reader.
- Abhidharma: Philosophical and psychological discourse and interpretation of Buddhist doctrine.
- Vinaya: Rules and regulation of monastic life that range from dress code and dietary rules to prohibition in personal conduct.
The term Tripiṭaka had tended to become synonymous with Buddhist scriptures, and thus continued to be used for the Chinese and Tibetan collections, although their general divisions do not match a strict division into three piṭakas. In the Chinese tradition, the texts are classified in a variety of ways, most of which have in fact four or even more piṭakas or other divisions.
The Chinese form of Tripiṭaka, "sānzàng" (三藏), was sometimes used as an honorary title for a Buddhist monk who has mastered the teachings of the Tripiṭaka. In Chinese culture this is notable in the case of the Tang Dynasty monk Xuanzang, whose pilgrimage to India to study and bring Buddhist text back to China was portrayed in the novel Journey to the West as "Tang Sanzang" (Tang Dynasty Tripiṭaka Master). Due to the popularity of the novel, the term "sānzàng" is often erroneously understood as a name of the monk Xuanzang. One such screen version of this is the popular 1979 Monkey (TV series).
Tripitaka (Tripitaka) Skt. (Pali, Tipitaka), lit., “Three Baskets”; canon of Buddhist scriptures, consisting of three parts: the Vinaya-Pitaka, the Sūtra-pitaka, and the Abhidharma-pitaka. The first “basket” contains accounts of the origins of the Buddhist sangha as well as the rules of discipline regulating the lives of monks and nuns. The second is composed of discourses said to have come from the mouth of Buddha or his immediate disciples and is arranged into five “collections”: Dīgha-nikāya, Majjhima-nikāya, Samyutta-nikāya, Anguttara-nikāya, Khuddaka-nikāya. The third part is a compendium of Buddhist psychology and philosophy.
The Vinaya-Pitaka contains some of the oldest parts of the canon, which originated in the first decades after the death of the Buddha. After the split into individual schools, the Abhidharma-pitaka, which differs from school to school, was added.
the 'three baskets' of scriptures.
Sanskrit; literally, "the three baskets"; this term is commonly used for the Buddhist canon, which consists of three parts: the Vinaya, or monastic code; the Sutras; and the Abhidharma, or Buddhist philosophical treatises.
The three Piiaka, or Tipitaka, are the three divisions of the teachings, namely: the Vinaya, Suttanta and Abhidhamma.
Literally hree baskets - the colections of the Buddhist scriptures, classified according to Sutta (Discourses), Vinaya (Discipline or Training) and Abhidhamma (Meta physics)
N (Basket (pitaka); three (ti)). The three baskets. Set of pali canonical texts grouping together that which Buddha has taught and the atthakathas (authoritative commentaries).
As indicated by the literal definition of the term, the tipitaka is divided between three parts: the vinaya; the suttantas; the abhidhamma. It does correspond with: The conduct; the stories (often of a metaphoric nature and explaining the practice at all levels); the theory (metaphysical section of Buddhas teaching were is expounded in details all that which does constitue reality).
Sacred Texts of Buddhism: The Tipitaka a collection of the Buddhas teachings, rules of monastic life, and philosophical commentaries on the teachings; also a vast body of Buddhist teachings. Buddhist sacred literature comprises a vast body of texts hundreds of works that were transmitted both orally and in written form and have been preserved principally in four languages: Pali, Sanskrit, Chinese, and Tibetan.
Of the several different Buddhist ways of classifying this material, perhaps the most important is the division into the three "baskets" (Tipitaka) of the vinaya (which deals with monastic discipline), the sutra (which contains discourses attributed to the BUDDHA himself), and the abhidharma (which comprises scholastic elaboration and classifications of the elements of reality). This three basket division is most evident in the organization of the Theravada Pali Canon, which is said to have been written in the 1st century BC.
The fundamental teachings were collected into their final form around the 3rd century BCE, after a Buddhist council at Patna in India.
The teachings were written down in Sri Lanka during the 1st century CE. They were written in Pali (a language like Sanskrit) and are known as the Pali canon. Its called the Tipitaka - the three baskets. The three sections are:
- The Vinaya Pitaka (the code for monastic life)
- The Sutta Pitaka (teachings of the Buddha)
- The Abhidamma Pitaka (supplementary philosophy and religious teaching)
Although these texts are accepted as definitive scriptures, non Buddhists should understand that they do not contain divine revelations or absolute truths that followers accept as a matter of faith. They are tools that the individual tries to use in their own life.
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|· Vinaya Pitaka||
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