Subhadrā, aka: Subhadra, Su-bhadra; 10 Definition(s)
Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa. The term is used throughout Tantra, an ancient Indian practice combining ritualistic meditation and yoga.
1a) Subhadra (सुभद्र).—One of the seven divisions of Plakṣadvīpa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 3.
1b) A son of Pauravī and Vasudeva.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 47.
1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā: fought with Sangrāmajit deluded by Kṛṣṇa.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17; XI. 30. 16.
1d) An Yakṣa; a son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 124; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 156.
2a) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा).—A daughter of Vasudeva and Devakī: queen of Arjuna, mother of Abhimaṇyu, and grandmother of Parīkṣit, younger sister of Kṛṣṇa of dark complexion;1 taken by Kṛṣṇa to Dvārakā;2 heard from the wives of Kṛṣṇa of their marriage and was in wonder;3 grieved at Kṛṣṇa's departure from Hastināpura: welcomed Vidura;4 the pride of the Vṛṣṇis.5
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 55; 22. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 15; 50. 56; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 175-6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 51. 99. 249.
- 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 64 ;
- 3) Ib. X. 84. 1.
- 4) Ib. I. 10. 9; 13. 3.
- 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 177-8.
2b) The goddess enshrined at Śoṇasamgama.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 45.
2c) The wife of Aniruddha.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 40.
Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.
Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Miśraka, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Miśraka group contains nine out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra (branch of Hindu science dealing with architecture and construction).
Subhadra is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the nine temples being a favorite of Bhagavatī, as well as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu.
Subhadra (सुभद्र):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).
1) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा, “glittering”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Yogeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.
2) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Subhadrā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.
Subhadra (सुभद्रा): Wife of Arjuna, sister of Sri Krishna and mother of Abhimanyu.
Subhadra was the sister of Krishna and Balarama. Krishna wanted her to marry Arjuna but Balarama was against it. Finally, with the help of Krishna's plot, Subhadra and Arjuna eloped together and were married. The great boy-warrior Abhimanyu is their son.
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- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.5.210
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