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Subhadrā, aka: Subhadra, Su-bhadra; 12 Definition(s)

Subhadrā means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

12 Definition(s) from various sources:

Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached to the temple), according to the Matsya-purāṇa (verses 270.1-30). The subhadra-maṇḍapa is to be built with 12 pillars (stambha). The Matsyapurāṇa is one of the eighteen major purāṇas dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The purāṇas refer to a category of Hindu literature relating stories of ancient history, topics of various ars and sciences and ceremonial instructions.

Accordingly (verse 270.15-17), “These maṇḍapas (eg., subhadra) should be either made triangular, circular, octagonal or with 16 sides or they are square. They promote kingdoms, victory, longevity, sons, wife and nourishment respecitvely. Temples of other shape than these are inauspicious.”

Added: 04.Mar.2017 | Wisdom Library: Hinduism - Puranas
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Subhadra (सुभद्र).—A type of aṅgavibhakti (‘indendations’ in a wall line);—If the bhadra is provided with another offset projection, that projection is called by the name subhadra.

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Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of upapīṭha (sub-structure, beneath the adhiṣṭhāna), according to the Mayamata 13.5. The term is used throughout Śilpaśāstra literature, which is an ancient Hindu science of arts and crafts, dealing with subjects such as painting, sculpture and iconography.

Subhadra is constructed with the following major mouldings (aṃśa):

  1. upāna,
  2. jagati,
  3. gala,
  4. adhaḥpadma,
  5. paṭṭikā.

Subhadra has two varieties according to the Mayamata, and is listed as identical to the vedibhadra (except for the surface treatments, which is plain with little ornamentation).

Added: 19.Feb.2017 | Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra
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Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is a Sanskrit name of one of the five cow-mothers, born from the churning of the milk ocean and descended on earth from Śiva’s world at the latter’s behest for the welfare of the people, according to the Śivadharmottarapurāṇa. The term is used throughout Tantra, an ancient Indian practice combining ritualistic meditation and yoga.

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1a) Subhadra (सुभद्र).—One of the seven divisions of Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 3.

1b) A son of Pauravī and Vasudeva.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 47.

1c) A son of Kṛṣṇa and Bhadrā: fought with Sangrāmajit deluded by Kṛṣṇa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 61. 17; XI. 30. 16.

1d) An Yakṣa; a son of Puṇyajanī and Maṇibhadra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 124; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 156.

2a) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा).—A daughter of Vasudeva and Devakī: queen of Arjuna, mother of Abhimaṇyu, and grandmother of Parīkṣit, younger sister of Kṛṣṇa of dark complexion;1 taken by Kṛṣṇa to Dvārakā;2 heard from the wives of Kṛṣṇa of their marriage and was in wonder;3 grieved at Kṛṣṇa's departure from Hastināpura: welcomed Vidura;4 the pride of the Vṛṣṇis.5

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 55; 22. 33; Matsya-purāṇa 46. 15; 50. 56; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 175-6; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 51. 99. 249.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 64 [11];
  • 3) Ib. X. 84. 1.
  • 4) Ib. I. 10. 9; 13. 3.
  • 5) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 177-8.

2b) The goddess enshrined at Śoṇasamgama.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 13. 45.

2c) The wife of Aniruddha.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 40.
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Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit name for the plant Hedychium spicatum (spiked ginger lily). This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 6.226-227), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

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Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of temple (prāsāda) classified under the group named Miśraka, according to Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra chapter 56. The Miśraka group contains nine out of a sixty-four total prāsādas (temples) classified under four groups in this chapter. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra is an 11th-century encyclopedia dealing with various topics from the Vāstuśāstra (branch of Hindu science dealing with architecture and construction).

Subhadra is mentioned in another list of 40 temples, in the Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra, chapter 57, where it is mentioned as one of the nine temples being a favorite of Bhagavatī, as well as one of the twenty temples being a favorite of Viṣṇu.

Added: 01.Sep.2016 | Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
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Subhadra (सुभद्र):—One of the eight gatekeepers who are said to embody the eight siddhis (‘yogic powers’).

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1) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा, “glittering”):—One of the nine Dūtī presided over by one of the nine bhaivaravas named Yogeśa (emanation of Ananta, who is the central presiding deity of Dūtīcakra), according to the Kubjikāmata-tantra and the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā.

2) Subhadrā (सुभद्रा):—Sanskrit name of one of the thirty-two female deities of the Somamaṇḍala (second maṇḍala of the Khecarīcakra) according to the kubjikāmata-tantra. These goddesses are situated on a ring of sixteen petals and represent the thirty-two syllables of the Aghoramantra. Each deity (including Subhadrā) is small, plump and large-bellied. They can assume any form at will, have sixteen arms each, and are all mounted on a different animal.

Added: 28.Sep.2015 | Wisdom Library: Hinduism - Tantra
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Subhadra (सुभद्रा): Wife of Arjuna, sister of Sri Krishna and mother of Abhimanyu.

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Subhadra was the sister of Krishna and Balarama. Krishna wanted her to marry Arjuna but Balarama was against it. Finally, with the help of Krishna's plot, Subhadra and Arjuna eloped together and were married. The great boy-warrior Abhimanyu is their son.

Added: 24.Jun.2012 | Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
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Subhadra in Sanskrit, Subhadda in Pali. A Brahman of age 120, who became Shakyamunis disciple shortly before Shakyamunis death and is therefore known as the last disciple.
Added: 27.Sep.2008 | Buddhist Door: Glossary
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Look for other relevant definitions:

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Shu
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Pratibhadra
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Bhadrapīṭha
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Puṣpabhadra
Puṣpabhadra (पुष्पभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of maṇḍapa (hall...
Yajñabhadra
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Kiṃ su
kiṃ su : (ind.) an interrogative particle.
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Bhadrayava (भद्रयव) is a Sanskrit name referring to the seeds of Kuṭaja (Wrightia antidysent...
Yogabhadra
Yogabhadra (योगभद्र):—The Sanskrit name for a classification of a ‘temple’...
Bhadrakoṣṭha
Bhadrakoṣṭha (भद्रकोष्ठ) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (&ls...
Kaṭubhadra
Kaṭubhadra (कटुभद्र) is another name for Śṛṅgavera, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Zi...
Mañcabhadra
Mañcabhadra (मञ्चभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of upapīṭha (sub-str...
Bhadraśālā
Bhadraśālā (भद्रशाला) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a type of hall having a fron...
Bhadravana
Bhadravana (भद्रवन)—One of the five forests on the eastern bank of the Yamunā.
Bhadraviṣkambha
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