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Samyojana, aka: Saṃyojana, Sanyojana; 3 Definition(s)

Samyojana means something in Buddhism, Sanskrit, Pali Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

3 Definition(s) from various sources:

saṃyojana : (nt.) connection; fettering.

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'fetters'.

There are 10 fetters tying beings to the wheel of existence, namely:

  • (1) personality-belief (sakkāya-ditthi)
  • (2) sceptical doubt (vicikicchā)
  • (3) clinging to mere rules and ritual (sīlabbata-parāmāsa; s. upādāna)
  • (4) sensuous craving (kāma-rāga)
  • (5) ill-will (vyāpāda)
  • (6) craving for fine-material existence (rūpa-rāga)
  • (7) craving for immaterial existence (arūpa-rāga)
  • (8) conceit (māna)
  • (9) restlessness (uddhacca)
  • (10) ignorance (avijjā)

The first five of these are called 'lower fetters' (orambhāgiya-samyojana), as they tie to the sensuous world. The latter 5 are called 'higher fetters' (uddhambhāgiya-samyojana), as they tie to the higher worlds, i.e. the fine-material and immaterial world (A.IX.67-68; A.X.13; D.33, etc.).

  • He who is free from 1-3 is a Sotāpanna, or Stream-winner, i.e. one who has entered the stream to Nibbāna, as it were.
  • He who, besides these 3 fetters, has overcome 4 and 5 in their grosser form, is called a Sakadāgāmi, a 'Once-returner' (to this sensuous world).
  • He who is fully freed from 1-5 is an Anāgāmī, or 'Non-returner' (to the sensuous world).
  • He who is freed from all the 10 fetters is called an Arahat, i.e. a perfectly Holy One.

For more details, s. ariya-puggala.

The 10 fetters as enumerated in the Abhidhamma, e.g. Vibh. XVII, are:

  1. sensuous craving,
  2. ill-will,
  3. conceit,
  4. wrong views,
  5. sceptical doubt,
  6. clinging to mere rules and ritual,
  7. craving for existence,
  8. envy,
  9. stinginess,
  10. ignorance.

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Fetter that binds the mind to the cycle of rebirth (see vatta) - self identification views (sakkaya ditthi), uncertainty (vicikiccha), grasping at precepts and practices (silabbata paramasa); sensual passion (kama raga), resistance (vyapada); passion for form (rupa raga), passion for formless phenomena (arupa raga), conceit (mana), restlessness (uddhacca), and unawareness (avijja).
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Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 64 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Uddhambhāgiya Samyojana
the 5 'higher fetters'; s. samyojana.
Orambhāgiya Samyojana
the 'lower fetters', i.e. the first 5 fetters that bind to lower existence; s. samyojana.
Samyojana Sutta
On the ten samyojanas. A.v.17.
Kāma
Kāma (काम) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “longing f...
Anāgāmī
In Buddhism, an anāgāmi ("non-returning") is a partially enlightened person who ha...
Bhava
Bhāva (भाव) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “state” (eg. permanent, in...
Māna
Māna (मान) as a measure of weight is said to be the equivalent of the Kṛṣṇala or Raktikā&mda...
Uddhacca
Uddhacca, (nt.) (substantivised ger. of ud-dharati, ud + dhṛ, cp. uddhaṭa & uddhata. The BSk. a...
Saddha
1) Saddhā, (f.) (cp. Vedic śraddhā: see saddahati) faith (on term cp. Geiger, Saṃyutta trsln...
Nandī
Nāndī (नान्दी) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “Benediction”. The term...
Rāga
Rāga (राग).—In music, rāga has been said to have two forms, viz. nādamaya, i.e., made ...
Sotāpanna
sotāpanna : (adj.) one who has entered the stream of Path.
Nibbāna
Nibbāna, (nt.).—I. Etymology. Although nir+vā “to blow”. (cp. BSk. nirvāṇa...
Tanha
Taṇhā is a Buddhist term that literally means "thirst," and is commonly translated...
Avidyā
A man cannot be liberated from the trammels of Avidyā through his own effort. The bondage of...

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Search found 66 books containing Samyojana, Saṃyojana or Sanyojana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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