Prāsāda, aka: Prasada, Prasāda; 7 Definition(s)
1a) Prasāda (प्रसाद).—Born of Maitrī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 1. 50.
1b) A fruit of prāṇāyāma; control of the five winds by the senses.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 11. 4, 10.
2a) Prāsāda (प्रासाद).—(ety). that which pleases the mind; generally a palace.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 8. 127; 35. 4; 39. 36; 40. 9.
2b) Of Viṣṇu; offering of bali to deities as a preliminary to building; varieties of buildings descrbied—meru, mandara, kailāśa, kumbha, siṃha, mṛga, vimāna, chandaka, catusra, aṣṭāsra, ṣoḍaśāsra, vartula, sarvabhadraka, siṃhāsya, nandana, nandivardhanaka, haṃsa, vṛṣa, suvarṇeśa, padmaka and samudraka; with toraṇas and archways of wood, stone or brick.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 7. 28; Matsya-purāṇa chh. 268-9.
1) Prāsāda (प्रासाद) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mayamata XIX.10-12 and the Mānasāra XIX.108-12, both populair treatises on Vāstuśāstra, the Hindu science of architecture.
2) Prāsāda (प्रासाद) is a Sanskrit technical term roughly corresponding to “temple”. It represents the dwelling place, or a residence of God. The Samarāṅgaṇasūtradhāra (chapter 49) mentions 64 types of Prāsāda classified under 5 different Vimānas, which represent the aerial cars of the Gods (but also refers to ‘palace’).
The names of the 24 Prāsādas of the Vairāja type (square shaped) of Vimāna are:
Then follow the names of 4x10 groups of Prāsādas for the Kailāśa (globular), Puṣpaka (square and rectangular or oblong), Maṇika (globular and oblong) and Triviṣṭapa (octangular) type of Vimānas:
Thus totalling to 64 different types of Prāsāda.
Prāsāda (प्रासाद):—The word “Prāsāda” has been used to denote temple througout the work. The name Prāsāda has the widest application. The word is unique in this respect that it does not mean a house or something that is uilt like Devāgāra or Vimāna respectively. “It denotes a settling down (pra-sad) and a seat made of that which has settled down and aqcuired concrete form, the form of a dwelling, a residence, the seat of God”. Thus our Śilpa-śāstras do not consider Prāsāda, the Hindu Temple as a congregational structure alone, but the house of the Spirit. Temple is the house of God. God is the Spirit immanent in the Universe and the temple is His abode.
Thus, Prāsāda, the Hindu Temple from this Brāhmaṇic conception is the visible outer casement (body) of the Invisible Brahma (gods and goddesses only an emblem of this Supreme Being). It is according to this fundamental conception that in temple architecture, the various parts of a temple are designated by names which correspond to the names of the various parts of the human body, e.g.
- Śikhā etc.
The popular etymology for the meaning of the word Prāsāda is accepted by the author of the Śilparatna (XVI.1) and he says:—“Prāsādas please by their beauty, the minds of gods and men.”
Prāsāda is defined as the upper storey or storeys of any building. It may be of a temple or a palace or a house. In the context of temple architecture, prāsāda refers to the upper storeys or the tower built above the sanctum or the gateway.
Prāsāda (प्रासाद).—The North Indian temple is still called “palace” (prāsāda), however—a “house” for the god. Architects transformed and compacted the palace into a single symbolic emblem. The totality of the temple’s form can be read as a mountain, altar, flame, puruṣa (cosmic man), whatever one’s metaphysical system wishes to make of it.
Prasāda (प्रसाद) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “essence”. It is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.
Prāsādarāja (प्रासादराज) is another name for Meru, which is a Sanskrit technical word referr...
Stūpaprāsāda (स्तूपप्रासाद):—A Stūpa-prāsāda is a combination of stūpa and terrace pyr...
Nṛsiṃhaprasāda (नृसिंहप्रसाद):—The Sanskrit name for a work on Dharmaśāstra (ancient I...
Bhāva (भाव).—A.B. Keith translates this word as ‘feeling’ or ‘emotio...
1) Gāndhāra (गान्धार) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (upper ...
Śikhara (शिखर) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to the “cupola” of a templ...
1a) Haṃsa (हंस).—A son of Brahmā; remained a celibate.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1.1b) Mt...
Padma (पद्म) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to members of the moulding of a pedestal...
Vimāna (विमान).—The definition of vimāna according to the Texts is that part of the st...
Vijaya (विजय) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Kāśmira, one of the sixty-eight...
1a) Vajra (वज्र).—Indra's thunderbolt; a weapon shaped out of Dadhīci's limbs by Viśvakar...
Nāndī (नान्दी).—After performing the Apakṛṣṭa, the Director will recite in a medium to...
Subhadra (सुभद्र) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls atta...
Prastara (प्रस्तर) means entablature. It is found above the architrave of the temple, inside...
Kailāsa (कैलास) is Sanskrit name of a mountain-peak, located with the Himavat (moutain range...
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