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Manvantara, aka: Manuvantara; 3 Definition(s)

Manvantara means something in Hinduism Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

3 Definition(s) from various sources:

Manvantara: The reign of the Manus, and the life and times of gods, rishis, and sages are discussed with reference to the benefit they offered to all living creatures.

 Each Manvantara has its own Manu, Indra, and Rishis. Manvantara means period of Manu. There are 14 Manus in a day, 5040 Manus in one year, and 504,000 Manus in one Brahma's lifetime of 100 Brahma years. Each Manvantra results in partial dissolution meaning that one day of Brahma has 14 partial dissolutions. The next bigger dissolution is the kalpal dissolution following one day in the life of Brahma. Bigger than that is the dissolution when Brahma reaches the age of 100 years. Brahma, the attending Manus and Rishis come and go, but Maha Vishnu (the God of gods) remains forever. To restate these figures in another way, each Manu has his term and power lasting for 71.42857 cycles through a set of four Yugas (Maha Yuga) and in human terms for 306,720,000 years. 306.72 mil or 71.42857 cycles = 4.2941 mil (4.32 mil years per cycle of one Maha Yuga.)

Each Manvantara has his own retinue of descendants (sons), seven Rishis (Sapta Rishis), gods, Indra, Visnu incarnation, Ghandharvas and the like. It is like change of administration in Washington, when a new president assumes power. When the day's work is over, Brahma retires for the night with an infinitesimal amount of soporific called Tamas (one of the Gunas or modes). When he retires, the whole universe (the three worlds: Bhu, Bhuvah and Swah) is absorbed into him. Bhu is earth; Bhuva is the space between earth and sun inhabited by Siddhas and Munis; Swah is Indra's heaven that perches above the sun or between it and the polar star.

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Manuvantara (Sanskrit: "patriarchate of one Manu;") from manu (progenitor of mankind) + antara (within or between), hence the compound paraphrased means "within a manu," or "between manus" — literally meaning the duration of a Manu, or his life span. A manvantara is the period of activity between any two manus, on any plane, since in any such period there is a root-manu at the beginning of evolution, and a seed-manu at its close, preceding a pralaya (dissolution, or rest). Manvantara implying here simply a period of activity, as opposed to pralaya — without reference to the length of the cycle.

Each manvantara is created and ruled by a specific manu. Manu creates the world, and all its species during that period of time, each manvantara lasts the lifetime of a manu, upon whose death, Brahma creates another Manu to continue the shristi (cycle of Creation). Eventually it takes 14 manus and their respective manvantaras to create a kalpa (a ‘Day of Brahma’),.

aka: Manvatara

Added: 24.Jun.2013 | Vedic Knowledge Online: Hinduism
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1) Manvantara is the period of astronomical time within an aeon or Kalpa, (a day of Brahma).

2) Manvantara, the Hindu progenitor of mankind, is an astronomical period of time measurement. The word is a combination of words 'manu' and 'antara', creating manu-antara or manvantara, and literally meaning "the duration of a Manu", or his life span.

Each Manvantara is created and ruled by a specific Manu, who in turn is created by Brahma, the Creator himself. Manu creates the world, and all its species during that period of time, each Manvantara lasts the lifetime of a Manu, upon whose death, Brahma creates another Manu to continue the cycle of Creation or Shristi, Vishnu on his part takes a new Avatar, and also a new Indra and Saptarishis are appointed.

Eventually it takes 14 Manus and their respective Manvantaras to create a Kalpa, Aeon, or a ‘Day of Brahma’, according to the Hindu Time Cycles and also the Vedic timeline. Thereafter, at the end of each Kalpa, there is a period - same as Kalpa - of dissolution or Pralaya, wherein the world (earth and all life forms, but not the entire universe itself) is destroyed and lies in a state of rest, which is called the, ‘Night of Brahma’.

After that the creator, Brahma starts his cycle of creation all over again, in an endless cycle of creation followed by Destruction for which Shiva, Hindu God of destruction, and also renewal, is invoked towards the end of each such cycle.

Manus of the Śveta Vārāha Kalpa

  1. First Manvantara - the interval of Swayambhu Manu
    Saptarshis: Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulaha, Kratu, Pulastya, and Vashishtha.
    Avatar: Yajna.
  2. Second Manvantara - the interval of Swarochisha Manu
    Saptarshis: Urja, Stambha, Prańa, Dattoli, Rishabha, Nischara, and Arvarívat.
    Avatar: Vibhu.
  3. Third Manvantara - the interval of Auttami Manu
    Saptarshis: Sons of Vashista: Kaukundihi, Kurundi, Dalaya, Śankha, Praváhita, Mita, and Sammita.
    Avatar: Satyasena.
  4. Fourth Manvantara - the interval of Tamasa Manu
    Saptarshis: Jyotirdhama, Prithu, Kavya, Chaitra, Agni, Vanaka, and Pivara.
    Avatar: Hari.
  5. Fifth Manvantara - the interval of Raivata Manu
    Saptarshis: Hirannyaroma, Vedasrí, Urddhabahu, Vedabahu, Sudhaman, Parjanya, and Mahámuni.
    Avatar: Vaikuntha.
  6. Sixth Manvantara - the interval of Chakshusha Manu
    Saptarshis: Sumedhas, Virajas, Havishmat, Uttama, Madhu, Abhináman, and Sahishnnu.
    Avatar: Ajita.
  7. The present, seventh Manvantara - the interval of Vaivasvata Manu
    Saptarshis: Kashyapa, Atri, Vashista, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni, Bharadvaja.
    Avatar: Vamana
  8. Eighth (Future) - Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Diptimat, Galava, Rama, Kripa, Drauni, Vyasa, and Rishyasringa.
    Avatar: Sarvabhauma.
  9. Ninth - Daksa Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Savana, Dyutimat, Bhavya, Vasu, Medhatithi, Jyotishmán, and Satya.
    Avatar: Rishabha.
  10. Tenth - Brahma Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Havishmán, Sukriti, Satya, Apámmúrtti, Nábhága, Apratimaujas, and Satyaket.
    Avatar: Vishvaksena.
  11. Eleventh - Dharma Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Niśchara, Agnitejas, Vapushmán, Vishńu, Áruni, Havishmán, and Anagha.
    Avatar: Dharmasetu.
  12. Twelfth - Rudra Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Tapaswí, Sutapas, Tapomúrtti, Taporati, Tapodhriti, Tapodyuti, and Tapodhan.
    Avatar: Sudhama.
  13. Thirteenth - Raucya or Deva Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Nirmoha, Tatwadersín, Nishprakampa, Nirutsuka, Dhritimat, Avyaya, and Sutapas.
    Avatar: Yogesvara.
  14. Fourteenth - Indra Savarni Manu
    Saptarshis: Agnibáhu, Śuchi, Śhukra, Magadhá, Gridhra, Yukta, and Ajita.
    Avatar: Brihadbhanu.
Added: 24.Jun.2012 | WikiPedia: Hinduism
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