Mandhata, aka: Mandhātā, Māndhātā, Māndhāta; 6 Definition(s)
According to Viśvanātha Cakravartī Ṭhākura, Māndhātā was the king of Mathurā, and Saubhari Ṛṣi was engaged in austerity while submerged deep within the River Yamunā.
Māndhātā (मान्धाता):—Son of Yuvanāśva (son of Senajit). He was born from the lower right side of King Yuvanāśva's abdomen, after the king drank sanctified water meant for his wife (during a sacrifice). Because Rāvaṇa and other bandits feared him, he was also called Trasaddasyu. He had three sons by his wife Bindumatī (daughter of Śaśabindu), named Purukutsa, Ambarīṣa, and Mucukunda. These three brothers had fifty sisters, who all accepted the great sage Saubhari as their husband. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.6.33-34,38)
One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.–For the Lords of the Earth Mandhātā and Marutvān, Mukula, Sūci and Muṣṭi hands and the Ardha-patāka twisted upwards touching the body, these four hands are used in order.
Mandhata is a king of the Solar dynasty, the son of Yuvanashva, and an ancestor of Rama. (Note: There is an alternate interpreation that makes Mandhata the other name of Yuvanashva). His son is Susandhi.
A primeval king, descended from Mahasammata, Roja, Vararoja, Kalyana, Varakalyana and Uposatha, the last named being his father. He was thus an ancestor of the Sakiyans. J.ii.311; iii.454; Mtu.ii.2; Dpv.iii.5; but see SNA.i.352, where the genealogy is slightly different.
He had the seven Jewels of a Cakka vatti and his four Supernatural Powers. When he clenched his left hand and touched it with his right, a shower of the seven kinds of jewels fell knee deep from the sky. For eighty four thousand years he was a prince, for eighty four thousand a viceroy, and for eighty four thousand more a king. His life span was an asankheyya. But he grew discontented, and, at the suggestion of his ministers, visited the deva world. First he went to the Catummaharajika world, where he ruled; but still unsatisfied, he went to Tavatimsa. There Sakka welcomed him and gave him half his kingdom. Mandhata ruled there during the lifetime of thirty six Sakkas, each Sakkas life lasting for thirty six million years and sixty times one hundred thousand. As time went on, Mandhatas craving increased; he wished to kill Sakka and gain the whole kingdom. Because of his greed his power waned, and he fell from heaven into his park. The gardener announced his arrival to the royal family, and they provided a resting place for him and there he lay dying. When asked for a message for his people, he wished them to know how even he, in spite of his great pomp and power, had to die (J.ii.311ff.; DA.ii.481f.; MA.i.182f.; cp. Dvy.210ff).
Mandhata is identified with the Bodhisatta (J.ii.314). His son was Varamandhata, whose son was Cara and grandson Upacara (or Apacara) (J.iii.454; Dpv.iii.6). Mandhata ruled at Rajagaha (SNA.ii.413; DA.i.132), and is named as one of the four persons who attained, while yet in their earthly bodies, to the glory of the gods. Mil. 115, 291; MA.ii.737f.; the others being Guttila, Sadhina and Nimi.
He is considered as chief of those given up to the pleasures of the senses and as an example of one whose desires could never be satisfied. A.ii.17; AA.ii.474; e.g., VibhA.506. Thig.486.
When Mandhata went to the deva world he was accompanied by inhabitants of all the four continents. After his return to earth, however, the Cakkaratana, stuck fast in the ground, and the others could not return to their homes. They thereupon begged for the intervention of the minister (Parinayaka), who was carrying on the government with Mandhatas shoes on the throne. He gave them lands in Jambudipa. There those who came from Pubba Videha called their land Videharattha; those from Apara goyana called it Aparantajanapada, and those from Uttarakuru dwelt in what afterwards came to be known as Kururattha. DA.ii.482; MA.i.183f.
See Mandhata. His story is also given at Ras.i.20f.
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Uposatha, (Vedic upavasatha, the eve of the Soma sacrifice, day of preparation). At the time of...
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1a) Trasaddasyu (त्रसद्दस्यु).—See Māndhāta.** Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 6. 33.1b) A Mantrakṛt...
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- · The Jataka, Volume II > ... > No. 258. Mandhātu-Jātaka
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