Lohita, aka: Lohitā; 4 Definition(s)
Lohita (लोहित) is another name for Punarnavā, which is a Sanskrit word referring to Boerhavia diffusa (spreading hogweed) from the Nyctaginaceae family. It is classified as a medicinal plant in the system of Āyurveda (science of Indian medicine) and is used throughout literature such as the Suśrutasaṃhita and the Carakasaṃhitā. The synonym was identified in the Rājanighaṇṭu (verses 4.117-119), which is a 13th-century medicinal thesaurus.
Lohita, (adj. -nt.) (cp. Vedic lohita & rohita; see also P. rohita “red”) 1. (adj.) red: rarely by itself (e.g. M. II, 17), usually in cpds. e.g. °abhijāti the red species (q. v.) A. III, 383; °kasiṇa the artifice of red D. III, 268; A. I, 41; Dhs. 203; Vism. 173; °candana red sandal (unguent) Miln. 191. Otherwise rohita.—2. (nt.) blood; described in detail as one of the 32 ākāras at KhA 54 sq.; Vism. 261, 360; VbhA. 245.—Vin. I, 203 (āmaka°), 205 (°ṃ mocetuṃ); A. IV, 135 (saṭṭhi-mattānaṃ bhikkhūnaṃ uṇhaṃ l. mukhato uggañchi; cp. the similar passage at Miln. 165); Sn. 433; Pv. I, 67; I, 91 (expld as ruhira PvA. 44); Vism. 261 (two kinds; sannicita° and saṃsaraṇa°), 409 (the colour of the heartblood in relation to states of mind); VbhA. 66; PvA. 56, 78, 110.
—akkha having red (blood-shot) eyes (of snakes & yakkhas) Vv 522 (cp. VvA. 224: ratta-nayanā; yakkhānaṃ hi nettāni ati-lohitāni honti); J. VI, 180. —uppāda (the crime of) wounding A Tathāgata, one of the anantariya-kammas VbhA. 427; cp. Tathāgatassa lohitaṃ uppādeti Miln. 214. —uppādaka one who sheds the blood of an Arahant Vin. I, 89, 136, 320; V, 222. —kumbhi a receptacle for blood Ud. 17 (with ref. to the womb). —doṇi a bloody trough Vism. 358; VbhA. 62. —pakkhandikā (or °pakkhandik’ābādha) bloody diarrhœa, dysentery M. I, 316; D. II, 127; Ud. 82; J. II, 213; Miln. 134, 175; DhA. III, 269. —homa a sacrifice of blood D. I, 9; DA. I, 93. (Page 589)
lohita : (nt.) blood. (adj.), red.
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