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Khaggavisana Sutta, 1 Definition(s)

'Khaggavisana Sutta' belongs in these categories: Buddhism, Pali

1 DEFINITION(S):

The third sutta of the Uraga Vagga of the Sutta Nipata (SN.vv.35-75), consisting of forty one stanzas, each of which ends with the refrain: eko care khaggavisanakappo.

The Commentary (SNA.i.46ff) divides the sutta into four vaggas and gives each a separate name (except the first), the name being generally derived from the first word of the stanza. It is said that the Buddha preached the Khaggavisana Sutta in response to a question asked of him by Ananda regarding the attainment of Enlightenment by Pacceka Buddhas; the Buddha gave details of their abhinihara and patthana, and illustrated them by reciting to Ananda stanzas which had been uttered by Pacceka Buddhas of old on various occasions and at different periods as their paeans of joy (udana).

Buddhaghosa gives the life story of each of the Pacceka Buddhas whose stanzas are included in this sutta. It is, however, only in the case of a few Pacceka Buddhas that the actual names are given - e.g.,

Brahmadatta (v.33), Anitthigandha (36), Mahapaduma (39), Ekavajjika Brahmadatta (40), Ekaputtika Brahmadatta (41), Catumasika Brahma datta (44, 64), Sitaluka Brahmadatta (52), Suta Brahmadatta (58), Vibhusaka Brahmadatta (59), Padalola Brahmadatta (61), Anivatta Brahmadatta (62), Cakkhulola Brahmadatta (63), Matanga (74).

The rest are described as the king of Benares, or the son of the king, etc.

The sutta is commented on in the Culla Niddesa (pp.56ff), in addition to those of the Parayanavagga, an evidence of the fact that, when the Culla Niddesa was composed, this was probably regarded as an independent sutta, not belonging to any particular group such as the Uragavagga, and that the comments on it were written at a time prior to the composition of the Sutta Nipata as an anthology in its present form. This view is further strengthened by the fact that its mixed Sanskrit version in the Mahavastu (i.357f) is not placed in any definite group. According to the Mahavastu, the Pratyeka Buddhas, five hundred in number, were living in Rsipatana near Benares, and when they heard from the Suddhavasa devas of the approach of the Buddha in twelve years, they disappeared from Rsipatana, each repeating one of the verses of the sutta.

The Apadana (i.7ff) includes the stanzas of the Khaggavisana Sutta in its chapter called the Pacceka buddhapadana and prefaces them with several introductory stanzas. A few stanzas are also added at the end by way of conclusion. In its exegesis the Apadana Commentary (ApA.i.106f) gives the names of several Pacceka Buddhas. They are, however, different from those given by Buddhaghosa, and correspond more nearly to those mentioned in the Isigili Sutta.

Added: 12.Apr.2009 | Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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