1. Kalinga, Kalinga - An inhabitant of Natika.
While staying in Natika, at the Ginjakavasatha, the Buddha
tells Ananda that Kalinga was reborn after death in the Suddhavasa, and that
there he would attain to nibbana. D.ii.92; S.v.358f
2. Kalinga - A country: the Kalingarattha.
It is one of the seven political divisions mentioned in the time of the mythical
king Renu and is given first in the list, its capital being
Dantapura and its
king Sattabhu. (D.ii.235f; see also Mtu.iii.208; the Mtu. also mentions a king
Uggata of Dantapura, iii.364f).
It is not, however, included in the list of
sixteen Janapadas appearing in the Anguttara Nikaya (A.i.213, etc.), but is
found in the extended list of the Niddesa (CNid.ii.37). A later tradition
(Bu.xviii.6) states that after the Buddhas death, a Tooth was taken from among
his relics and placed at Kalinga, where it was worshipped. From Kalinga the
Tooth was brought to Ceylon, in the time of King Sirimeghavanna, by Hemamala,
daughter of Guhasiva, king of Kalinga, and her husband Dantakumara, a prince of
the Ujjeni royal family. In Ceylon the Tooth became the Palladium of the
Sinhalese kings. (Cv.xxxvii.92; see also Cv.Trs.i.7, n.4; the Dathadhatuvamsa
gives details, J.P.T.S.1884, pp.108ff).
The Jatakas contain various references
to Kalinga. There was once a great drought in Dantapura, and the king, acting on
the advice of his ministers, sent brahmins to the king of Kuru to beg the loan
of his state elephant, Anjanavasabha, credited with the power of producing rain.
On this occasion, however, the elephant failed and the Kalinga king, hearing of
the virtues practised by the king and people of Dantapura, offered them himself,
upon which rain fell. See the Kurudhamma Jataka, J.ii.367ff, also DhA.iv.88f. A
similar story is related in the Vessantara Jataka, vi.487, where the Kalinga
brahmins ask for and obtain Vessantaras white elephant that he may stay the
drought in Kalinga.
Another king of Kalinga was a
contemporary of Aruna, the
Assaka king of Potali. The Kalinga king, in his
eagerness for a fight, picked a quarrel with Aruna, but was worsted in battle,
and had to surrender his four daughters with their dowries to Aruna (J.iii.3f).
The Kalingabodhi Jataka relates
the story of another ruler of Kalinga while, according to the
Sarabhanga Jataka, a certain king of Kalinga (J.v.135f) went with two other kings,
and Bhimaratta, to ask Sarabhanga questions referring to the fate of
There they heard the sage preach, and all three kings became ascetics. Another
king of Kalinga was Nalikira, who, having ill treated a holy man, was
swallowed up in the Sunakha niraya, while his country was laid waste by the gods
and turned into a wilderness (Kalingaranna). The Kalinga aranna is referred to
in the Upali Sutta (M.i.378);