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Hathor, 5 Definition(s)

AKA: Hathur

'Hathor' belongs in these categories: Egypt

- BEST RATED DEFINITION:

The goddess Hathor is one of the oldest known deities of Egypt, and it is certain that, under the form of a cow, she was worshipped in the early part of the archaic period, because a flint model of the head and horns of the cow, which was her type and symbol, has been found among the early archaic, or late predynastic flints in Egypt.The forms in which the goddess is depicted are numerous, but this is not to be wondered at, because during the course of the dynastic period she was identified with every important local goddess, and all their attributes, of whatever class and kind, were ascribed to her. The oldest form of all is probably that of the cow, and this was preserved, though chiefly in funeral scenes and in the Book of the Dead, until the beginning of the Roman period.

Ḥet-Ḥert, the name of the goddess, means the “House above,” i.e., the region of the sky or heaven, and another form of it, which is to be read Ḥet-Ḥeru, and which means “House of Horus,” shows that she was a personification of the house in which Horus the Sun-god dwelt, and that she represented the portion of the sky through which the course of the god lay.

At the time when the Egyptians first formulated their theogony Hathor was certainly a cosmic goddess, and was associated with the Sun-god Rā, of whom she was the principal female counterpart. In the theological system of the priests of Heliopolis she became, as Brugsch says, the “mother of the light,” the birth of which was the first act of creation; her next creative act was to produce Shu and Tefnut, that is to say, certain aspects of these gods, for according to a very old tradition Temu was their begetter and producer.

Added: 27.May.2012 | Source: archive.org: The gods of the Egyptians, vol 1
Rating: 10

The Goddess of love, music and dance. She is depicted with cow horns and a sundisk on the head. Hathor was the goddess of joy, motherhood, and love. She looked after all women. She was the goddess of music and dancing, as well. Dead women were identified with Hathor, as men were identified with Osiris.

Added: 25.Jan.2011 | Source: Wisdom Library: General Glossary
Rating: -

Hathôr was an erotic goddess of the heavens, love, dance, music, drinking, femininity, fertility and procreation. She was a life bringing goddess who revived the deceased and welcomed them to the nether world.

She was depicted as a woman with a cow's head or ears suckling a child, a female wearing a crown of cow horns with a sun disc in the middle or as a cow.

Hathor was associated with the sun god Ra, the house of the falcon god Horûs and the lion goddess Sekhmet when destroying the enemies of Ra.

Added: 06.Feb.2011 | Source: Angel Rainbows: Ancient Cultures: Egypt
Rating: -

The feminine goddess par excellence in ancient Egypt, Hathor was a pre-Dynastic goddess who gained enormous popularity early on. Her name is translated as "the House of Horus", which may be a reference to her as the embodiment of the sky in her role of the Celestial Cow, being that which surrounds the decidedly sky-oriented hawk-deity, Horus, when he takes wing. If Horus was the god associated with the living king, Hathor was the god associated with the living queen.

In earlier periods she was most often depicted as a full cow with the sundisk between her horns or as a slender woman wearing the horns-and-a-sundisk headdress. Hathor's symbology included such items as sistra, the horns-and-sundisk headdress, the menat, and mirrors. Hathor, as the Eye of Ra, "becomes" Sakhmet in the story "The Destruction of Mankind".

The Greeks called Hathor by the name of their goddess, Aphrodite. In the very late stages of Egyptian religion she became almost totally absorbed into Isis, resulting in frequent mistaken identity between the two.

The name of Hathor in hieroglyphs.

Added: 10.Jun.2012 | Source: Pantheon: Egyptian Mythology
Rating: -

Hathor is an old protector of music love and dancing being a cow she was the mother of the apis bull of Memphis. She is the wife of Horus the son of Isis and Osiris their temple's was connected by a festvial commerating the marriage of the god Horus at Edfu and the goddess Hathor at Dendera. In the old kingdom the pharaoh was somtimesshown drinking the milk from her udders. She had severailwaysthatshe could be depicted for example she is sometimes shown as a cow protecting the pharaoh or as a lady with cows ears. she has many other ways that she can be depicted. She is the mother of Hapi, Inset, Duamutef and Qebehsenuef the 4 sons of Horus that protected the internal organs of the mummy. The festival that held Edfu and Dendera temple's together stopped when the Romens Invaded Egypt. They blocked the ceremonial route that the boat holding the god Horus took.

Added: 22.Jan.2013 | Source: History of Egypt: Egyptology
Rating: -

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