Durga, aka: Durgā; 8 Definition(s)
Durga (दुर्ग):—The setting up of fort is another duty of king. While discussing on the suitable place for royal resident, the concept of fort is introduced. This is very much important for the security of not only the king himself but also the capital itself. There are six kinds of forts.
These are named thus:
- Dhānvadurga (surrounded by desert),
- Mahīdurga (built with stone or bricks),
- Abdurga (surrounded by water),
- Vārkṣadurga (surrounded by forest),
- Nṛdurga (surrounded by elephants, horses chariots and army)
- and Giridurga (on a mountain)
The king is supposed to occupy any kind of these f orts. From the security view point, these forts are very much reliable. If the king reside in any one of these forts enemy cannot assail him.
The Śāntiparva of Mahābhārata recognizes that among these six forts, Nṛdurga is the best because this type of Durga is very tough for enemies to capture.
But Kautilya recognizes only four types of durgas. These are—
- Audakdurga (water fort),
- Pārvatadurga (mountain fort),
- Dhānvadurga (desert fort)
- and Vanadurga (forest fort).
Durga (दुर्ग) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to “fort”. It is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti and the Baudhāyana-dharmasūtra. The Dharmaśāstra represents a branch of Hindu science dealing with a universal set of religious and spiritual customs.
Durgā’s feminine power contains the combined energies of all the gods. Each of her weapons was given to her by the various gods: Rudra’s trident, Vishnu’s discus, Indra’s thunderbolt, Brahma’s Kamaṇḍalu, etc. etc. According to a narrative in the Devi Māhātmya, Durgā appeared as a warrior goddess to fight an Asura (an anti-god) named Mahiṣāsura or ‘buffalo-demon’.
Durgā (दुर्गा, “invincible”):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.
Her mantra is as follows:
ॐ दुर्गायै नमः
oṃ durgāyai namaḥ.
A similar mantra is mentioned by the same text, prefixed with ह्रीं (hrīṃ), to be worshipped at the goddess’s right.
A fort or durga is perhaps surrounded by a ditch, always filled with water. There are four kinds of durgas. the first three kinds of durgas are protected by hills and ditches. The fourth kind of durga is called the Kṛtrima, i.e., artificial. It is distinguished by a rampart that runs round it. It has only one gate known as the svastika and has a Kumārīpura in it. The ditch in front of the gate is about 8 x 10 hastas deep and wide (according to some 8 x 9 hastas). River-fort (nadī-durga) is also mentioned.
The Goddess who is known as the ultimate reality is the adi-parashakti, Goddess Durga . In Shaktism, She is, was and will be only owner and source of this universe and all other universes and is regarded as dynamic form of ultimate reality, Param-Brahman. Shaktas consider her dynamic Param Brahman and Param Brahman is considered as Static Adi parashakti. When there is no universe, they both unite from which universe is created and when Universe is created, Adi parashakti manifests herself as dynamic in feminine form like Goddess Parvati, Goddess Durga, Goddess Lakshmi and Goddess Saraswati. She is tridevi - the eternal beloved consort of trimurti (Godhead - the three aspects of God)
Durgā (दुर्गा): A form of Devi, the supreme goddess. She is depicted as a woman riding a lion with multiple hands carrying weapons and assuming mudras.
Dhanvadurga (धन्वदुर्ग) is ‘the fortification in the midst of a desert&...
Mahīdurga (महीदुर्ग) The is the ‘fort made of bricks and stones on the ...
The Giridurga (गिरिदुर्ग) is erected either on the summit of a mountain, or i...
Durgābhaktitaraṅgiṇī (दुर्गाभक्तितरङ्गिणी, “A River of Devotion to Durg...
The autumnal Durgā Pūjā, the ten-lunar-day worship of the goddess Durgā, also...
The Durgāpūjātattva (दुर्गापूजातत्त्व, “The truth concerning the rite o...
Durgāpūjāviveka (दुर्गापूजाविवेक):—Name of a Sanskrit work written by Ś...
Abdurga (अब्दुर्ग) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to type of “f...
Vārkṣadurga (वार्क्षदुर्ग) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to type of ...
Naradurga (नरदुर्ग) is the line of defence consisting of the army; and this c...
The Jaladurga (जलदुर्ग) consists of that place which is surrounded by swift, ...
The Vanadurga (वनदुर्ग) is a tract of land surrounded by impenetrable forests...
Baladurga (बलदुर्ग) or Nṛdurga is that line of defence which consists in the ...
Nṛdurga (नृदुर्ग) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to type of “fo...
|· 32 names of Durgā||
Durgādvātriḿśatnāmamālā Durgā; Durgatirśaminī, Who destroys ba...
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The mode of worshipping the deities, Durga, etc.
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the installation of Durgā Devī in the city of Benares
- · Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi > ... > Fortification (durga)
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Worship of Vinayakas Durga
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The worship of Ganapati
- · Śrī Sanatkumara-saṃhita > Text 76
- · Śrī Sanatkumara-saṃhita > Text 73
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Asokastami Vratas etc
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 1.3.27
- · Nava-durgā Stotra > Read Contents
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 1.4.44
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.4.172
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > The mode of worshipping the goddess Lakshmi
- · The Vishnu Purana > ... > 7. The Mārkaṇḍeya Purāṇa
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Maha Kausika Vratas etc
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.7.9
- · Bhagavad-gītā-Māhātmyam > Chapter 9
- · Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra > Praśna IV, Adhyāya 3
- · The Garuda Purana > ... > Enumeration of the names of Vratas (vows and penances) commenced
- · Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam > ... > On the installation of the Devī in Ayodhyā and Benares
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