Droṇa, aka: Drona; 7 Definition(s)
Droṇa (द्रोण) denotes in the Rigveda a ‘wooden trough’, and more specifically it designates in the plural vessels used for holding Soma. The great wooden reservoir for Soma is called a Droṇa-kalaśa. The altar was sometimes made in the form of a Droṇa.
Droṇa (द्रोण) is the Sanskrit name for a weight unit corresponding to ‘10.24 kilograms’ used in Āyurvedic literature, according to the Ṣoḍaśāṅgahṛdayam. A single Droṇa unit corresponds to 4 Āḍhaka units (a single Āḍhaka unit equals 2.56 kilograms). You need 4 Droṇa units to make a single Droṇī unit (1 Droṇī equals 40.96 kilograms).
Below follows a table of the different weight units in relation to one another and their corresponding values in brackets:
- Guñjā (Raktikā) = 1 seed of Guñjā
- 8 Raktikā = 1 Māṣa (1 gram)
- 10 Māṣa = 1 Karṣa (10 grams)
- 2 Karṣa = 1 Śukti (20 grams)
- 2 Śukti = 1 Pala (40 grams)
- 2 Pala = 1 Prasṛta (80 grams)
- 2 Prasṛta = 1 Kuḍava (Añjali) (160 grams)
- 2 Kuḍava = 1 Śarāva (320 grams)
- 2 Śarāva = 1 Prastha (640 grams)
- 4 Prastha = 1 Āḍhaka (Pātra) (2.56 kilograms)
- 4 Āḍhaka = 1 Droṇa (10.24 kilograms)
- 4 Droṇa = 1 Droṇī (40.96 kilograms)
- 100 Pala = 1 Tulā (4 kilograms).
Droṇa (द्रोण, “bucket”) is a Sanskrit technical term translating in english to “bucket”, referring to ‘a measure of capacity’. It is used through vāstu-śāstra literature (ancient Indian science of architecture).
A protagonist in several key episodes in the first half of the Mahābhārata. A great brahmin warrior (the son of the ṛṣi Bharadvāja), Droṇa is the teacher of both the Kauravas and the Pāṇḍavas, including his great favourite, Arjuna. In the war, Droṇa fights on the Kaurava side, and succeeds Bhīṣma as the commander of their army. By his own account he can only be defeated if tricked. This comes about when he is told by Yudhiṣṭhira that ‘Aśvatthāman’, his son, is dead, although this ‘Aśvatthāman’ is in fact an elephant. Believing Yudhiṣṭhira, a renowned man of truth, Droṇa allows himself to die in a yogic pose, and is subsequently beheaded by Drupada's son, Dhṛṣṭadyumna, in revenge for Droṇa's killing of his father. The real Aśvatthāman swears to destroy both the Pāñcālas and the Pāṇḍavas for these adharmic acts.
In the epic Mahābhārata, Drona was the royal guru to Kauravas and Pandavas. He was a master of advanced military arts, including the Devāstras. Arjuna was his favorite student. Droṇa's love for Arjuna was second only to his love for his son Aśhvatthāma. He was considered to be a partial incarnation of Bṛhaspati.
Droṇācārya had been the preceptor of most kings involved in the Kurukṣetra, on both sides. Droṇācārya strongly condemned the sending into exile of Pāṇḍavas by the wicked prince Duryodhana and his brothers and for their abusive treatment of the Pāṇḍavas, beside usurping their kingdom. But being a servant of Hastināpura, Droṇācārya was duty-bound to fight for the Kauravas, and thus against his favorite Pāṇḍavas.
Dronacharya was one of the most powerful and destructive warriors in the Kurukshetra War. He was an invincible warrior, whom no person on earth could defeat. He single-handedly slayed hundreds of thousands of Pandava soldiers, with his powerful armory of weapons and incredible skill. After the fall of Bhīṣma, he became the Chief Commander of the Kuru Army for 5 days of the war.
Droṇa implies that he was not gestated in a womb, but outside the human body in a droṇa (vessel or a basket). Droṇācārya spent his youth in poverty, but studied religion and military arts such as archery, in which he gained expertise, together with the then prince of Pañcāla, Drupada. Drupada and Droṇācārya became close friends. Droṇācārya married Kṛipi, the sister of Kṛipa, the royal teacher of the princes of Hastinapura. Like Droṇa himself, Kṛipī and her brother had not been gestated in a womb, but outside the human body (see Kṛipī page). Kṛpi and Droṇa had a son, Aśvatthāma.
etymology: Drona (Sanskrit: द्रोण, droṇa) or Dronacharya (Sanskrit: द्रोणाचार्य, droṇācārya)
Droṇa (द्रोण): A Brāhman discovered by Bhīshma, Son of a Brahmana named Bharadwāja; married a sister of Kripa and a son Aswathama was born to them; learnt military art from Parasurama, the maser. Later he became the instructor to the Kaurava and Pandava princes in the use of arms. He was slain by Dhrishtadyumna in Mahabharata war.
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- · Mahabharata > ... > The Son of Drona Punished
- · Mahabharata > ... > The Fifthteenth Day at Kurukshetra; The Fall of the Preceptor, Drona
- · Mahabharata > Drona Parva
- · Vedānta-sūtras Part II > ... > III, 1, 19
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 1.5.53
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > ... > Section CXXXV
- · Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi > ... > Verse 11.134
- · Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi > ... > Verse 7.126
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > ... > Section CLXVIII
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 2.6.207-208
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- · The Mahabharata - Fourth Book > ... > Section LIX
- · The Mahabharata - Fourth Book > ... > Section XXXIX
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > ... > Section CXXXI
- · The Mahabharata - Third Book > ... > Section VIII
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > ... > Section CXLIV
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > ... > Section CLXVII
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > ... > Section CXXXII
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