1. Ceti, Cetiya - One of the sixteen Mahajanapadas (A.i.213, etc.), probably identical with Cedi of the older documents (E.g., Rv.viii.5, 37-9). The people of Ceti seem to have had two distinct settlements: one, perhaps the older, was in the mountains, probably the present Nepal (Bud. India, p.26). It is evidently this older settlement which is mentioned in the Vessantara Jataka; it was passed by Vessantara on his way into exile in the Himalayas, and was thirty yojanas distant from Jetuttara (J.vi.514, 518). The other, probably a later colony, lay near the Yamuna, to the east, in the neighbourhood of and contiguous to the settlement of the Kurus; for we are told (Vin.iv.108f; J.i.360f) that the Buddha, having dwelt in the Ceti country, went to Bhaddavatika, where, at the Ambatittha, Sagata tamed a Naga, and from there he went to Kosambi. This part of the country corresponds roughly to the modern Bundelkhand and the adjoining region (Law: Geog. of Early Bsm., p.16).
It was probably of the older Ceti that Sotthivati was the capital, where once reigned Apacara, who uttered the first lie in the world. (J.iii.454ff Sotthivati is probably identical with Suktimati or Sukti Sahvaya of the Mahabharata (iii.20, 50; xiv.83, 2); see also PHAI.81).
The journey from Benares to Ceti lay through a forest which was infested by robbers (J.i.253, 256). The settlement of Ceti was an important centre of Buddhism, even in the time of the Buddha. The Anguttara Nikaya (A.iii.355f; v.41f; 157ff) mentions several discourses preached to the Cetis, while the Buddha dwelt in their town of Sahajati. While dwelling in the Pacinavamsadaya in the Ceti country, Anuruddha became an arahant after a visit which the Buddha paid to him (A.iv.228; see also Vin.i.300f). The Janavasabha Sutta (D.ii.200 and passim) leads us to infer that the Buddha visited the Ceti country several times. The Samyutta Nikaya (S.v.436f) records a discussion on the four Ariyan Truths among a number of monks, including Gavampati, dwelling at Sahajati (v.l. Sahancanika).
It is said (E.g., AA.ii.765) that the country was called Ceti because it was ruled by kings bearing the name of Ceti or Cetiya (SNA.i.135).
2. Cetiya - A mythical king (Mhv.ii.3; Dpv.iii.5; Mtu.i.348). See Ceti (1).
Apacara is also referred to as Cetiya (J.iii.457, 460, etc.), shortened into Cecca (J.v.267).
A Yakkhini who lived in the Dhumarakkha mountain near Tumbariyangana.
Pandukabhaya, hearing of her, tried to capture her, but succeeded only after a very long and strenuous chase, in which she assumed the form of a mare. He rode her into battle, where she helped him in various ways (Mhv.x.53ff). The Mahavamsa Tika (p.289) says she was the wife of the Yakkha Jutindhara, who fell in the battle of Sirisavatthu.
M Monument intended to remind the dhamma. Ideally, a cetiya is a reliquary, but it can also set texts or everything.
Cetiya or Chedi (Thai): bell shaped stupa or reliquary with a tapering spire, also known as pagoda.
The cetiya (or stupa, chedi, sometimes pagoda) is one of the most ancient objects used as a focus of recollection and devotion towards the Lord Buddha.
Chedi (चेदि): A kingdodom of Shishupāla, old name of present Chanderi
ceṭī : (f.) a maid servant.
-- or --
cetiya : (nt.) a sepulchral monument; a pagoda.
Cetiya，（nt．） (cp．from ci，to heap up，cp．citi，cināti) 1．a tumulus，sepulchral monument，cairn，M．I，20; Dh．188; J．I，237; VI，173; SnA 194 （dhātu-gharaṁ katvā cetiyaṁ patiṭṭhāpesuṁ）; KhA 221; DhA．III，29 （dhātu°）; IV，64; VvA．142; Sdhp．428，430．Pre-Buddhistic cetiyas mentioned by name are Aggāḷava° Vin．II，172; S．I，185; Sn．p．59; DhA．III，170; Ānanda° D．II，123，126; Udena° D．II，102，118; III，9; DhA．III，246; Gotama （ka）° ibid．; Cāpāla° D．II，102，118; S．V，250; Ma- kuṭabandhana° D．II，160; Bahuputta° D．II，102，118; III，10; S．II，220; A．IV，16; Sattambaka° D．II，102，118; Sārandada D．II，118，175; A．III，167; Supatiṭṭha° Vin．I，35．
--aṅgaṇa the open space round a Cetiya Miln．366; Vism．144，188，392; DA．I，191，197; VvA．254．--vandanā Cetiya worship Vism．299．（Page 272）
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