Wisdom Library Logo

Campa, aka: Campā; 5 Definition(s)

Campa means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Pali Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

5 Definition(s) from various sources:

Campa (चम्प) is another name (synonym) for Karbudāra, which is the Sanskrit word for Bauhinia variegata (orchid tree), a plant from the Cleomaceae family. This synonym was identified by Narahari in his 13th-century Rājanighaṇṭu (verse 13.99), which is an Āyurvedic medicinal thesaurus.

Rating: -

Campa (चम्प):—Son of Harita (son of Rohita). He constructed the town of Campāpurī. He had a son named Sudeva. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9,8,1)

Added: 01.Aug.2015 | Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Rating: -

Campa, =campaka J. VI, 151. (Page 262)

— or —

Campā, (f.) N. of a town (Bhagulpore) & a river D. I, 111; DA. I, 279; J. IV, 454. (Page 262)

Rating: -

campā : (f.) name of a town in India; present Bhagalpore.

Rating: -

1. Campa - A city in India on the river of the same name; it was the capital of Anga and was celebrated for its beautiful lake, the Gaggara pokkharani (q.v.), which was excavated by Queen Gaggara. On its banks was a grove of campaka trees, well known for the fragrance of their marvellous white flowers, and there, in the Buddhas time, wandering teachers were wont to lodge. The Buddha himself stayed thereon several occasions (Vin.i.312; S.i.195; A.iv.59, 168; v.151, 189). Sariputta (A.iv.59) and Vangisa (S.i.195) are also said to have stayed there. The Maha Parinibbana Sutta (D.ii.147) mentions Campa as one of the six important cities of India, its foundation being ascribed to Mahagovinda (D.ii.235). It lay at a distance of sixty yojanas from Mithila (J.iv.32). In the Buddhas time the people of Campa owed allegiance to Bimbisara, as king of Magadha, and Bimbisara had given a royal fief in Campa to the brahmin Sonadanda (D.i.111). Campa was evidently an important centre of trade, and we are told that merchants travelled from there to Suvannabhumi for purposes of trade (E.g., J.vi.539). Most probably it was the Indian colonists from Campa who named one of their most important settlements in Indo China after this famous old town. The ancient name of Campa was probably Malini or Malina.( Campasya tu puri Campa, ya Malinyabhavat pura; Mbh.xii.5, 6, 7; Matsyapurana 48, 97, etc.; Law, A.G.I.6, n.2).

The ninth chapter of the Maha Vagga of the Vinaya Pitaka (Vin.i.312ff; see also Vin.ii.307) contains several important regulations laid down by the Buddha at Campa regarding the validity and otherwise of formal acts of the Sangha.

Campa is mentioned as the birthplace of Sona Kolivisa, Jambugamika, Nandaka and Bharata, and among those who resided there were Bahuna, Vajjiyamahita and Thullananda and her companions.

The Sonadanda, the Dasuttara, the Kandaraka and the Karandava Suttas were preached there.

According to Buddhaghosa (MA.ii.565), Campa was so called because the whole place abounded in large Campaka trees.

Campa is generally identified with a site about twenty four miles to the east of the modern Bhagalpur, near the villages of Campanagara and Campapura (C.A.G.I.5). It was visited by Hiouen Thsang (Beal, Records ii.187f), and Fa Hien calls it a great kingdom with many places of worship (p.65).

The Buddhas bathing robe was enshrined in Campa (Bu.xxviii.9). See also Kala Campa, probably another name for Campa.

2. Campa, Campaka - One of the two chief women disciples of Kakusandha Buddha. Bu.xxiii.21; J.i.42.

3. Campa, Campaka - Birthplace of Paduma Buddha (Bu ix.16; J.i.36). Near by was the Campaka uyyana.

4. Campa - The river which flowed between Anga and Magadha (now called Chandan). The Naga Campeyya held sway over the river. J.iv.454f.

5.

Added: 11.Apr.2009 | Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Rating: -

Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 43 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Campāpurī
Campāpurī (चम्पापुरी):—A town constructed by Campa (son of Harita). (see Bhāgavata Pur...
Māgadha
Māgadha (मागध) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of prāsāda (upper storey ...
Aṅga
1a) Aṅga (अङ्ग).—The father of Vena; knew the power of Kṛṣṇa's yoga.1 A son of Ulmuka (K...
Vijaya
Vijaya (विजय) is the Sanskrit name of a deity presiding over Kāśmira, one of the sixty-eight...
Harita
Harita (हरित) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to a variety of maṇḍapa (halls attached...
Aśoka
Aśoka (अशोक) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Jomesia asoka by various scholars in their ...
Campaka
Campaka (चम्पक) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Michelia champaka (champak) by various s...
Bharata
1a) Bharata (भरत).—(Jaḍa): the eldest of the hundred sons of Ṛṣabha (Nābhi) and Jayant...
Sagara
Sagara (“one who is born with poison”). He later became the emperor. The place k...
Sudeva
Sudeva (सुदेव):—Son of Campa (son of Harita). He had a son named Vijaya. (see Bhāgavat...
Gaggara
Gaggara, (Vedic gargara throat, whirlpool. *gǔer to sling down, to whirl, cp. Gr. baρaqron, Lat...
Gaṅgā
1a) Gaṅgā (गङ्गा).—A R. source of, sacred to Hari;1 brought to the earth from Heaven; a ...
Campeyya
Campeyya, N. of a Nāgarāja J. IV, 454 (=°jātaka, No. 506); Vism. 304. (Page 262)
Mithila
Mithilā (मिथिला).—Founded by Janaka-Vaideha: capital of the Videhas whose king was Janaka...
Paribbajaka
Paribbājaka, (fr. pari+vraj) a wandering man, a Wanderer, wandering religious mendicant, not ne...

Search through literary sources:

Search found 24 books containing Campa or Campā. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

- Was this explanation helpufll? Leave a comment:

Make this page a better place for research and define the term yourself in your own words.

You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.