Buddhism, 8 Definition(s)
Buddhism is the name for a complex system of beliefs developed around the teachings of the Buddha. Though used by many religious groups in ancient India, the title Buddha (meaning “the Enlightened One”) became associated with the founder of Buddhism, Siddhartha Gautama, who lived between the 6th and the 4th centuries BC. There are now dozens of different schools of Buddhist…
Founded: About 525 BC, reportedly near Benares, India. Founder: Gautama Siddhartha (ca. 562-480), the Buddha, who achieved enlightenment through intense meditation. Organization: The basic institution is the Sangha or monastic order through which the traditions are passed to each generation.
Monastic life tends to be democratic and anti authoritarian. Large lay organizations have developed in some sects. Philosophy: Buddhism defines reality in terms of cause and effect relations, thus accepting the doctrine common to Indian religions of Samara, or bondage to the repeating cycle of births and deaths according to ones physical and mental actions.
Buddhism is a spiritual tradition that focuses on personal spiritual development and the attainment of a deep insight into the true nature of life. Buddhism teaches that all life is interconnected, so compassion is natural and important.
- Buddhism is 2,500 years old
- There are currently 376 million followers worldwide
- There are around 151, 816 Buddhists in Britain according to the 2001 census
- Buddhism arose as a result of Siddhartha Gautamas quest for Enlightenment in around the 6th Century BCE
- There is no belief in a personal God. It is not centred on the relationship between humanity and God
- Buddhists believe that nothing is fixed or permanent - change is always possible
- The two main Buddhist sects are Theravada Buddhism and Mahayana Buddhism, but there are many more
- Buddhism is a very colourful faith with many festivals throughout the year
- Buddhists can worship both at home or at a temple
The path to Enlightenment is through the practice and development of morality, meditation and wisdom.
Buddhism is a family of beliefs and practices considered by most to be a religion and is based on the teachings attributed to Siddhartha Gautama, commonly known as "The Buddha" (the Awakened One), who was born in what is today Nepal. He lived and taught in the northeastern region of the Indian subcontinent and most likely died around 400 BCE.
Buddhism is broadly recognized as being composed of two major branches:
- Theravada, which has a widespread following in Southeast Asia
- Mahayana (including Pure Land, Zen, Nichiren Buddhism, Shingon, Tibetan Buddhism and Tendai), found throughout East Asia. It should be noted that in some methods of classification, Vajrayana is considered a third branch.
someone who practices the Dharma; non orthodox form of Vedic or Aryan teaching founded by the Buddha or enlightened one
Lit., great vehicle; the dominant Buddhist tradition of East Asia. Special chara...
|· Zen Buddhism||
A branch of Mahayana Buddhism which was brought to China (where it was called Ch...
|· Korean Buddhism||
Korean Buddhism is distinguished from other forms of Buddhism by its attempt to ...
|· Tibetan Buddhism||
Tibetan Buddhism is the body of Buddhist religious doctrine and institutions cha...
|· Kadampa Buddhism||
A Mahayana Buddhist school founded by the great Indian Buddhist Master Atisha (A...
|· Greco Buddhism||
Greco Buddhism, sometimes spelt Graeco Buddhism, refers to the cultural syncreti...
|· Western Buddhism||
Buddhism in the West broadly encompasses the knowledge and practice of Buddhism ...
|· Japanese Buddhism||
The history of Buddhism in Japan can be roughly divided into three periods, name...
|· Northern Buddhism||
Term used for the Diamant Path (Vajrayana) Buddhism of Mongolia and Tibet.
|· Tantric Buddhism||
In Indian thought, Tantrism is generally characterized by an emphasis on male fe...
|· Vietnamese Buddhism||
Buddhism came to Vietnam in the first century CE. By the end of the second centu...
|· Burmese Buddhism||
Buddhism in Burma (or Myanmar) is predominantly of the Theravada tradition or th...
|· Chinese Buddhism||
Chinese Buddhism refers collectively to the various schools of Buddhism that hav...
|· Indian Buddhism||
Buddhism is a world religion, which arose in Bihar, India and is based on the te...
|· Nichiren Buddhism||
Nichiren Buddhism is a Japanese Buddhist movement in the Mahayana tradition. It ...
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