Wisdom Library Logo

Brahman, 10 Definition(s)

Brahman means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

10 Definition(s) from various sources:

The word ‘Brahman’used in the Upaṇiṣads is derived from the root bṛh which means ‘to expand’ or ‘to grow’ and as such indicates that Immensity which includes everything which is conceivable.

The Vedas declare—

sarvam khalvidam brahma

‘all this is Brahman’.

This Immensity Brahman is beyond the comprehension of any being.Out of this transcendental Being there issues forth the first form of Godhead known as the Para-Vāsudeva in a subtle form with twoarms, crystal in complexion and clad in yellow garments. This form is identified also as Nārāyaṇa (which means “the ground of all being”). In the Pañcarātra, Paramātman, Nārāyaṇa, Viṣṇu, Bhagavān and Vāsudeva are the various names by which Brahman the Supreme is known.

Rating: -

The word Brahman is derived from the Sanskrit verb root bṛha or bṛhi meaning expansion, knowledge, or all-pervasiveness. This word is always of a neuter gender; it represents Absolute Reality beyond the concept of male or female and all other dualities. Brahman is omnipresent, omniscient, omnipotent; it is the very nature of one’s true Self. That Absolute Reality, that Supreme Consciousness, which is never affected by the ever-changing nature of the world, is Brahman. That which alone exists and allows the entire universe to appear within itself is called Brahman. That Brahman is no different from oneself; all of humanity is Brahman. From this point of view, all people are essentially one and the same. Placing duality and diversity within humanity is the greatest loss, and realizing the oneness within and without is the highest gain.

Added: 15.Jun.2015 | Ahymsin: Hinduism
Rating: -

1) In Hinduism, Brahman is "the unchanging reality amidst and beyond the world", which "cannot be exactly defined". It has been described in Sanskrit as Sat-cit-ānanda (being-consciousness-bliss) and as the highest reality. Brahman is conceived as Atman, personal, impersonal or Para Brahman, or in various combinations of these qualities depending on the philosophical school. According to Advaita, a liberated human being (jivanmukta) has realised Brahman as his or her own true self.

etymology: Sanskrit Brahman (an n-stem, nominative bráhmā) from a root bṛh- "to swell, expand, grow, enlarge" is a neutral noun to be distinguished from the masculine brahmán—denoting a person associated with Brahman, and from Brahmā.

The later Vedic religion produced the Upanisads, a series of profound philosophical reflections in which Brahman is now considered to be the one Absolute Reality behind changing appearances. It is the universal substrate from which material things originate and to which they return after their dissolution.

2) Title of a priest in Vedic rituals. The brahman is the superintendent of the entire performance, and is responsible for correcting mistakes by means of supplementary verses invoking the visvedevas(pantheon of celestials or devas). In the Brihadaranyaka, the pantheon of visvedevas are held to be a creation of an infinite mind assuming infinite forms. Therefore, the only god that protects the yajna and with which the brahman has to identify himself with is the deity of the mind - Moon or Chandra.

Added: 23.Dec.2014 | WikiPedia: Hinduism
Rating: -

Brahman or Brahma (Skt., literally, ‘growth’ or ‘expansion’). The one supreme, all pervading Spirit; the impersonal Absolute, beyond attributes, which is the origin and support of the visible universe. This neuter noun, Brahman (or Brahma) should be distinguished from the masculine form, Brahmā, the personal Creator-god in the Hindu triad of Brahmā, Viṣṇu and Śiva.

Added: 22.Jun.2014 | Encyclopedia.com: Hinduism
Rating: -

1) ("growth, expansion"). The impersonal Absolute, the unproduced Producer of all that is. In the Vedas, Brahman is the force behind the magical formulas. In the Upanishads it is the supreme, eternal principle behind the origin of the universe and of the gods. In Vedanta philosophy, it is the Self (atman) of all beings and knowledge of Brahman results in liberation (moksha).

2) Brahman (ब्राह्‍मण): The signifying name given to the concept of the unchanging, infinite, immanent and transcendent reality that is the Divine Ground of all being.

Rating: -

The power behind and within the cosmos that makes it function and live. Can also be seen as the Ultimate Reality. Sometimes it is thought of as a god. In the early Vedic religion, this was the focus of worship by the Brahmins. In classic and modern Hinduism it is rarely worshipped directly. One of the recurring goals in Hinduism is to understand the link between Brahman-the force behind the cosmos-and the Atman--the soul of each individual human.

Added: 29.Jun.2012 | ReligionNet: Hinduism Glossary
Rating: -

The fundamental goal of a Hindu may be said to be the realization of Brahman, the ultimate truth. It is said that Brahman is all things and all things are Brahman. The Trinity of Shiva, Vishnu and Brahma are said to be various aspects of Brahman. They are parts of it, but Brahman is greater than their sum, as it includes all things in the universe, both animate and inanimate.

Added: 15.Jun.2012 | Apam Napat: Indian Mythology
Rating: -

The universal spirit that pervades all creation, and which exists beyond creation. When individualized through any point of creation, it is known as the atman.

Rating: -
The highest of the Four Castes in ancient India at the time of Shakyamuni. They served Brahma, with offerings; the keepers of the Vedas, i.e. priestly caste. Name used in the present text for the priestly caste of Hindus.
Added: 27.Sep.2008 | Buddhist Door: Glossary
Rating: -

The highest of the four Castes in Hinduism. They served Brahma, his offering, the keepers of the Vedas, i.e. priestly.

Rating: -

- Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 199 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

· Saguṇa-brahman
Saguna Brahman (lit. "The Absolute with qualities") came from the S...
3 desc.
· Nirguṇa-brahman
Nirguṇa-Brahman (Skt., ‘Brahman without qualities’). The term in ...
3 desc.
· Satya-Brahman
This entire universe, differentiated into name and form, was just this water ...
1 desc.
· Para Brahman
Para-brahman, the Absolute, is the highest Truth. He is the One, without begi...
1 desc.
· Upaniṣad Brahman
Upaniṣad Brahmayogin occupies a noteworthy place in the school of advaita-ved...
2 desc.
· Maya
1) In Vedanta, māyā is to be seen through, like an epiphany (darśana), in ord...
14 desc.
· Brahma
A divine being of the Form Sphere or the Formless Sphere, Happy and blameless ce...
20 desc.
· Brahmavidya
Brahmavidya is that branch of scriptural knowledge derived primarily through ...
6 desc.
· Neti neti
Neti neti is a Sanskrit expression which means “not this, not this&rdqu...
6 desc.
· Bhedābheda
Bhedābheda Vedānta is a subschool of Vedānta. Bhedābheda is a Sanskrit word m...
2 desc.
· Mahavakya
The four Mahā Vākyas that establish the identity between Brahman or the Ultim...
2 desc.
· Atman
Self, Ego
18 desc.
· Rāmānuja
1) Śrī Ramanuja (1017-1137 C.E) born in a Brahmin family in the village of Sr...
7 desc.
· Śaṅkara
Adi Shankara (788 CE - 820 CE) was an Indian philosopher from Kalady (Kerala)...
11 desc.
· Brahma-sūtra
The Brahma sūtras (Sanskrit: ब्रह्म सूत्र), also known as the Vedānta Sūtras ...
3 desc.

- Find the meaning of this word in books, articles, or other text:

Search found 2308 books containing Brahman. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

» Click here to see all 2308 search results in a detailed overview.


You have to be a member in order to post comments. Click here to login or click here to become a member.