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Atum, aka: Atem, Tem; 4 Definition(s)

Atum means something in Egypt Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

4 Definition(s) from various sources:

At the beginning there was only the watery chaos then one day a hill rose up out of the water's this hill was called the Ben-Ben. On the hill stood the first god Atum who created himself by spitting and thus became the first god on earth. He then continued to spit and produced Tefnut and Shu. He was depicted as a cat or an eel with a Royal Crown and his body was consisted of physical matter.

Added: 22.Jan.2013 | History of Egypt: Egyptology
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The primeval Egyptian sun god and creator of the world. He is the evening aspect of the sun, representing the setting sun. Later he was syncretized with Re as the god Atum-Re. According to the myths, he was the first substance (a hill) who emerged from the primeval waters. Amut created the deities Shu and Tefnut from his spittle or from his semen in the act of masturbation.

Atum was especially worshipped at Heliopolis, where he was the head of the Ennead cult. He was represented by the black bull Mnewer, who bore the sun disk and uraeus between its horns. As the father of the pharaoh, he played an important part in the coronation rites. Atum was depicted as old man symbolizing the setting sun, but he also appeared also a snake, a scarab, and a mangust (pharaoh hat). The snake, bull, lion, lizard and ichneumon are his sacred animals.

The Memphite creation myth stated that Atum was conceived in the heart of Ptah and was created by his word. Literally, "he who completes, or perfects".

Added: 10.Jun.2012 | Pantheon: Egyptian Mythology
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The self-engendered solar creator god Atum (meaning "the All" or the "Complete One").

Added: 02.May.2012 | Tripod: Egyptology Page
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Atum was one of the most important deity. He was known for lifting the dead king's soul from his pyramid to the heavens.

He is depicted as a man wearing either the royal head-cloth or the white and red crown of upper and lower Egypt.

He was the first god and he created himself by emerging out of the darkness and endless watery abyss that girdled the world before creation.

Added: 30.Jan.2011 | Wisdom Library: Egyptology
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- Look for other relevant definitions:

Search found 20 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

· Tefnut
Tefnut was a primeval Egyptian goddess. She was depicted as both a snake ...
9 desc.
· Heliopolis
lit: "City of the Sun"; Heliopolis was one of the oldest cities...
2 desc.
· Ra
The Sun God;
10 desc.
· Apep
In Egyptian mythology, Apep was an evil god, the deification of darkness and ...
3 desc.
· Ennead
lit: "a collection of nine things" The Ennead were a group of nine de...
3 desc.
· Shu
Shu was an air god who supported the sky, was the son of the sun god Atum. Af...
5 desc.
· Pa-Ȧtemt
Under the form "Pithom" the sacred name of the city Pa-Pa-Ȧtemt is ...
1 desc.
· Atman
Self, Ego
18 desc.
· Seker
Seker is a falcon god; He was usually depicted as a mummified hawk. Seke...
3 desc.
· I-em-ḥetep
The Egyptian texts prove that besides Nefer-Tem another son of Ptaḥ called I-...
1 desc.
· Aanen
The brother-in-law to Amenhotep III, 'Aanen', was for a long time Second Prop...
1 desc.
· Ptah
The chief god of Memphis.
5 desc.
· Hike
The Egyptian personification of supernatural powers attributed to the gods. H...
1 desc.
· Bow and Arrow
Bows and arrows have been present in Egyptian culture since it's predynastic ...
1 desc.
· Attan
Attan,(m.) & atta (the latter is the form used in compn.) (Vedic ātman,not to Gr...
1 desc.

- Find the meaning of this word in books, articles, or other text:

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