Arjuna, 7 Definition(s)
Arjuna (अर्जुन).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—The plant having straight bole and white bark is found commonly. It is astringent, pacifies kapha and pitta, checks diarrhoea and is best as cardiac tonic.
Arjuna (अर्जुन):—One of the sons of Pāṇḍu, begotten by Dharmarāja (god of wind) through the womb his wife Kuntī. He had a son by his wife Draupadī named Śrutakīrti. He had another son named Irāvān through his wife named Ulupī (daughter of the Nāgas). He had another son named Babhruvāhana by the womb of the princess of Maṇipura. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.27-28, 9.22.32)
The appearance of a single dot or speck on the Sclerotic coat (Śukla), coloured like a (drop of the) hare’s blood, is called Arjuna.
1) One of the Hands of Famous Emperors.–Arjuna: the Tripatāka hand moved forward again and again.
2) One of the Hands indicating Trees.–Arjuna, the Siṃha-mukha hand;
Arjuna: The third of Pāndavas and Krishna's cousin. He is, together with Krishna, considered the hero of Hindu epic Mahabharata. He plays the listener in the Hindu scripture, the Bhagavad Gita which is a philosophical conversation between Arjuna and Krishna.
etymology: Arjuna (Devanagari: अर्जुन, Thai: อรชุน Orachun, Tamil: அர்ஜுனன் Arjunan, Javanese: Harjuno, Herjuno, Malay: Ranjuna; pronounced [ɐrˈɟunɐ] in classical Sanskrit (lit. bright or silver (cf. Latin argentum))
The Mahabharata refers to Arjuna by ten different names. The names and their meanings are as follows.
- Arjuna - one of taintless fame and glow like silver (Argentum)
- Phalguna - one born on the star of Phalguna
- Jishnu - conqueror of enemies
- Kiriti - one who wears the celestial diadem, Kiriti, presented by Indra
- Swetavahana - one with white horses mounted to his chariot
- Bibhatsu - one who always fights wars in a fair manner
- Vijaya - victorious warrior
- Partha - Son of Pritha or Kunti
- Savyasachi - Skillful in using both arms, ambidextrous
- Dhananjaya - one who conquers riches
- Gudakesa - Conqueror of sleep
1) Arjuna was the third Pandava, born to Kunti, the wife of Pandu, by the grace of Indra. He rivalled his divine father Indra in his prowess in arms. It was said that none of the mortals and few of the Gods could stand up to him in battle, such was his skill with his bow, Gandiva. His guru is Drona, who had taught all the Pandavas and Kauravas.
He is an incarnation of Nara, one of the primeval twins. He won the hand of Draupadi, the Panchala princess, by his feat of marksmanship and she became the common wife of all the five Pandavas. In addition to her he married many other women during his voluntary exile. One of his wives is Subhadra, the sister of Krishna, through who be had a valiant son Abhimanyu. Abhimanyu was slain treacherously by the great warriors on the Kaurava side, who could not defeat the young warrior in fair combat.
Arjuna's friendship with Krishna is legendary. Krishna is both his friend and his teacher. Krishna was Arjuna's charioteer in the great battle of Kurukshetra. The principal rival of Arjuna was Karna, whose skill with the bow came close to matching Arjuna's. So evenly matched were these two warriors, that Arjuna had to resort to an ignoble stratagem to slay Karna, killing him with a missile when Karna was attempting to move his chariot that had gotten stuck in the mud. This shameful act was against the laws of combat prevailing at that time.
2) Aruna was the son of the great sage Kashyapa and Vinata, a daughter of Daksha. His mother had obtained a boon from her husband that she would have two offspring who surpassed the thousand sons (the serpents) of her sister (and co-wife) Kadru in glory. She gave birth to two eggs, which did not hatch for a long time. In her impatience, she broke open one of them and found Aruna inside it, but he had an undeveloped lower body. He cursed his mother to bondage for her impatience. He then took to the skies and achieved great glory by becoming the charioteer of Surya, the sun.
Garuda, the mount of Lord Vishnu is his brother. He emerged from the other egg, which Vinata had left undisturbed for a thousand years. The story of the birth of Garuda and Aruna is told in greater detail here.
|· Kartavirya Arjuna||
Kartavirya Arjuna (कार्तवीर्य अर्जुन): Kārtavīrya Arjuna was King of Mahishamati...
Pāṇḍavaḥ (पाण्डव): Pandavas in Sanskrit pāṇḍavaḥ are the five acknowledg...
Abhimanyu (अभिमन्यु): Son of Arjuna and Subhadra who was married to Uttara, daug...
Ajjuna, (Vedic arjuna, to raj; cp. Gr. a)rgόs white, a)ρguros silver, Lat. arge...
Mukāsura (मुकासुर): Mukāsura was a demon, friend of Kauravas, who was sent to di...
Kakubha (ककुभ, “lofty”) is a Sanskrit word referring to the &ldqu...
Nara (नर), Nṛ.—The general name for ‘man’ in the Rigveda1 a...
1) Uttara, 2 (adj.) (fr. uttarati) crossing over, to be crossed, in dur° difficu...
Angaraparana was a Gandharva, who was named so because of his flaming chariot...
Yudhāmanyu (युधामन्यु): A Panchala prince supporting the Pandavas, who was assig...
|· Bhagavad Gita||
("Song of the Lord"). A section of the Mahabharata composed around 200 BCE, and ...
Droṇa (द्रोण) denotes in the Rigveda a ‘wooden trough’, and more ...
Kṛṣṇa (कृष्ण) is another name for Rājasarṣapa, which is a Sanskrit word refer...
Ulupī (उलुपी):—Daughter of the Nāgas and one of the wifes of Arjuna (on...
Subhadrā (सुभद्रा) is another name (synonym) for Śaṭī, which is a Sanskrit na...
- · Yoga Vasistha Volume 3, Part II > ... > Arjuna's satisfaction at the sermon
- · Mahabharata > ... > Arjuna Continues His Path of Destruction
- · Yoga Vasistha Volume 3, Part II > ... > Story of Arjuna, as the Incarnation of Nara-Narāyana
- · Yoga Vasistha Volume 3, Part II > ... > Admonition of Arjuna
- · Mahabharata > ... > Bhima Endeavors to Find Arjuna
- · Mahabharata > ... > Satyaki Follows the Path of Arjuna
- · Mahabharata > ... > The Fourteenth Day at Kurukshetra; Arjuna Makes His Way Toward Jayadratha
- · Mahabharata > ... > Arjuna Vows to Kill Jayadratha
- · Mahabharata > ... > Arjuna Challenges the Kaurava Army
- · Mahabharata > ... > Arjuna Obtains the Celestial Weapons
- · Mahabharata > ... > The Third Day of Rivalry at Kurukshetra; Bhishma and Arjuna Reek Havoc
- · Mahabharata > ... > The Return of Arjuna and the Evil Plan of Duryodhana
- · Mahabharata > ... > The Second Day at Kurukshetra; Bhima and Arjuna Devastate the Kaurava Army
- · Yoga Vasistha Volume 3, Part II > ... > Admonition of Arjuna in the spiritual knowledge
- · The Mahabharata - First Book > Arjuna-vanavasa Parva
- · Parables of Rama > ... > True Vedanta
- · Mahabharata > Ashvamedha Parva
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 1.4.87
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 1.5.61
- · Brihad Bhagavatamrita > ... > Verse 1.5.60
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