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Arahant, aka: Lohan, Rakan, Arhat, Arhant, Arahat; 24 Definition(s)

Arahant means something in Buddhism, Hinduism, Sikhism, Jainism, Sanskrit, Pali Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article:

22 Definition(s) from various sources:

Arahant, (adj. -n.) (Vedic arhant, ppr. of arhati (see arahati), meaning deserving, worthy). Before Buddhism used as honorific title of high officials like the English “His Worship” ; at the rise of Buddhism applied popularly to all ascetics (Dial. III, 3—6). Adopted by the Buddhisṭs as t. t. for one who has attained the Summum Bonum of religious aspiration (Nibbāna).

I. Cases Nom. sg. arahaṃ Vin. I, 9; D. I, 49; M. I, 245, 280; S. I, 169; see also formula C. under II. , & arahā Vin. I, 8, 25, 26; II, 110, 161; D. III, 255; It. 95; Kh IV. ; Gen. arahato S. IV, 175; Sn. 590; Instr. arahatā S. III, 168; DA. I, 43; Acc. arahantaṃ D. III, 10; Dh. 420; Sn. 644; Loc. arahantamhi Vv 212.—Nom. pl. arahanto Vin. I, 19; IV, 112; S. I, 78, 235; II, 220; IV, 123; Gen. arahataṃ Vin. III, 1; S. I, 214; Sn. 186; It. 112; Pv. I, 1112. Other cases are of rare occurrence.

II. Formulae. Arahantship finds its expression in freq. occurring formulae, of which the standard ones are the foll. : A. khīṇā jāti vusitaṃ brahmacariyaṃ kataṃ karaṇīyaṃ nâparaṃ itthattāya “destroyed is (re-) birth, lived is a chaste life, (of a student) done is what had to be done, after this present life there is no beyond”. Vin. I, 14, 35, 183; D. I, 84, 177, 203; M. I, 139; II, 39; S. I, 140; II, 51, 82, 95, 120, 245; III, 21, 45, 55, 68, 71, 90, 94, 195, 223; IV, 2, 20, 35, 45, 86, 107, 151, 383; V, 72, 90, 144, 222; A. I, 165; II, 211; III, 93; IV, 88, 179, 302; V, 155, 162; Sn. p. 16; Pug. 61, etc.—B. eko vūpakaṭṭho appamatto ātāpī pahitatto “alone, secluded, earnest, zealous, master of himself” D. I, 177; II, 153 & continued with A: S. I, 140, 161; II, 21; III, 36, 74; IV, 64; V, 144, 166; A. I, 282; II, 249; III, 70, 217, 301, 376; IV, 235.—C. arahaṃ khīṇāsavo vusitavā katakaraṇīyo ohitabhāro anupatta-sadattho parikkhīṇa-bhava-saññojano sammad-aññā vimutto: D. III, 83, 97; M. I, 4, 235; S. I, 71; III, 161, 193; IV, 125; V, 145, 205, 273, 302; A. I, 144; III, 359, 376; IV, 362, 369, 371 sq. , It. 38. ‹-› D. ñāṇañ ca pana me dassanaṃ udapādi akuppā me ceto-vimutti ayaṃ antimā jāti natthi dāni punabbhavo “there arose in me insight, the emancipation of my heart became unshake able, this is my last birth, there is now no rebirth for me: S. II, 171; III, 28; IV, 8; V, 204; A. I, 259; IV, 56, 305, 448.

III, Other passages (selected) Vin. I, 8 (arahā sītibhūto nibbuto), 9 (arahaṃ Tathāgato Sammāsambuddho), 19 (ekādasa loke arahanto), 20 (ekasaṭṭhi id.). 25 sq. ; II, 110, 161; III, 1; IV, 112 (te arahanto udake kīḷanti); D. I, 49 (Bhagavā arahaṃ), 144; III, 10, 255: M. I, 245 (Gotamo na pi kālaṃ karoti: arahaṃ samaṇo Gotamo), 280; S. I, 9, 26, 50 (Tathāgato), 78, 140, 161, 169, 175, 178 (+ sītibhūta), 208, 214, 235 (khīnāsavā arahanto); III, 160 (arahā tissa?), 168; IV, 123, 175, 260, 393; V, 159 sq. , 164, 200 sq. ; A. I, 22 (Sammāsambuddho), 27, 109, 266; Iī. 134; III, 376, 391, 439; IV, 364, 394; V, 120; Sn. 186, 590, 644, 1003; It. 95 (+ khīṇāsava), 112; Kh IV. (dasahi angehi samannāgato arahā ti vuccati: see KhA 88); Vv. 212; I, 217; Dh. 164, 420 (khīṇāsava +); Ps. II, 3, 19, 194, 203 sq. ; Pug. 37, 73; Vbh. 324, 336, 422; Pv. I, 11 (khettûpamā arahanto), 1112; IV, 132.

IV. In compn. & der. we find two bases, viz. (1) arahanta° in °ghāta the killing or murder of an Arahant (considered as one of the six deadly crimes): see abhiṭhāna; °ghātaka the murderer of the A. : Vin. I, 89, 136, 168, 320; °magga (arahatta°?) the path of an A. : D II 144.—(2) arahat° in (arahad-)dhaja the flag or banner of an A. : J. I, 65.

V. See further details & passages under anāgāmin, khīṇa, buddha. On the relationship of Buddha and Arahant see Dial. II. 1—3; III, 6. For riddles or word-play on the form arahant see M. I, 280; A. IV, 145; DA. I, 146 = VvA. 105, 6 = PvA. 7; DhA. IV, 228; DhsA. 349. (Page 77)

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The Arhat or "Worthy One" has broken all ten fetters and has won liberation in this life.

What happens to an arahant when he dies? He has eliminated all unwholesome tendencies from his character including the desire to go on being born. Having become enlightened during this life, he will die at the time when his lifespan has expired. Since there is no more desire to go on, when the last moment of life for the arahant finishes it is not followed by another rebirth consciousness. When we die, it is immediately followed by another moment (of the next life); when an arahant dies, that is all. No more experience. No more rebirth. This is called by the Buddha the only true peace.

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enlightened individual.

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and arahatta-magga,-phala: s. ariya-puggala.

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Noble Being, the Buddhist Sage. Called Lohan in Chinese.

Added: 19.Feb.2010 | Wisdom Library: Indian Philosophy
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Sanskrit; literally, "worthy one"; one who has attained the highest level in the Theravada school; the fruition of arhatship is nirvana.

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an enlightened being, free from all delusion. In Buddhist tradition, it is the last of the four stages of the realisation of liberation.

Added: 16.May.2009 | Amaravati: Glossary
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The term literally means worthy one and is used to identify an enlightened individual who has achieved nirvana. An arahant is the one who has joined the community of noble persons by taking up a difficult series of practice to eliminate all impurities.

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Arahant (Pali) or Arhat (Sanskrit) literally means the "worthy one". It is used in the sramanic traditions of ancient India with each of them having their own definition of the designation.

In Theravada, it means anyone who has reached the total Awakening and attained Nibbana, including the Buddha. Arahant is a person who has destroyed greed, hatred and delusion, the unwholesome roots which underlie all fetters. Who upon decease will not be reborn in any world, having wholly cut off all fetters that bind a person to the samsara. In the Pali Canon, the word is sometimes used as a synonym for tathagata.

Added: 28.Mar.2009 | WikiPedia: Buddhism
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a fully enlightened Buddhist saint who will not be reborn again into the realm of suffering (Sanskrit)
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In Theravada Buddhism, an Arhat is an individual who has realized enlightenment and may enter Nirvana.
Added: 23.Nov.2008 | About: Glossary of Buddhist Terms
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ARHAT (Skt.) An arhat is someone who has attained NIRVANA (q.v.)
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Enlightened one; someone whose mind is completely free from the defilements; a person who is no longer bound to cyclic existence

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The one who has achieved Nirvana: A Saint in the Theravada tradition. The stage is preceded by three others, 1. Stream Winner, 2. Once Returner, 3. Non Returner, 4. Arhat.
Added: 27.Sep.2008 | Oblivion's Blog: Heart Sutra
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Enlightened disciple. The 4th and highest stage of realisation recognised by the Theravra tradition. One whose mind is free from all greed. hatred and ignorance. The Hinayana ideal of an enlightened person
Added: 27.Sep.2008 | GCSE: A Glossary of Buddhist Terms
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A term used primarily in Theravada Buddhism to signify a person who has fulfilled its ultimate goal, the attainment of nirvana. Upon death, the arhat will become extinguished. The arhat, as an individual, has attained full enlightenment, peace and freedom. This should be contrasted to Mahayana Buddhism, in which the ultimate goal is to become a bodhisattva someone who uses the power they gain from enlightenment to help others.
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Arhat in Sanskrit, Arahat in Pali. Literally, man of worth, honourable one. There are two kinds of arhats, namely, the Sound hearing arhat (Sravaka) and the Enlightened to condition arhat (Praetyka Buddha). The former attains the wisdom to understand the Four Noble Truth, while the latter attains the wisdom to understand the Law of Dependent Origination or the Twelve Links of Dependent Origination. They represent two vehicles, who "comprehend for their own sake". As they pay attention to themselves and not to others, they are incapable of genuine and equal enlightenment. There are four noble stages of fruition in the Arhat Path.
Added: 27.Sep.2008 | Buddhist Door: Glossary
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One who has attained enlightenment.

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"foe destroyer". One who has attained nirvana; the goal of Theravada Buddhism.
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A "worthy one" or "pure one"; a person whose mind is free of defilement (see kilesa), who has abandoned all ten of the fetters that bind the mind to the cycle of rebirth (see samyojana), whose heart is free of mental effluents (see asava), and who is thus not destined for further rebirth. A title for the Buddha and the highest level of his noble disciples.
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The worthy one.
Added: 21.Jun.2008 | Chez Paul: A Buddhist Glossary
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Arhatship is the highest rank attained by Sravakas. An Arhat is a Buddhist saint who has attained liberation from the cycle of Birth and Death, generally through living a monastic life in accordance with the Buddhas teachings. This is the goal of Theravadin practice, as contrasted with Bodhisattvahood in Mahayana practice. (A Dictionary of Buddhism.) The stage is preceded by three others: 1. Stream Winner, 2. Once Returner, 3. Non Returner. See also "Sravakas."
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