Anubis, 5 Definition(s)
Anubis, who the ancient Egyptians called Ienpw (phonetically "Yinepu"), is the mysterious canid funerary deity of ancient Egypt. Even the meaning of his name is unknown -- speculations range from "Royal Child" to having derived from the world for "to putrefy". Both certainly fit the deity, who was at various points in time of Egyptian history known as the lord of the dead before Osiris and, later, became popularly known as the son of Osiris. Anubis is an extremely ancient deity. The oldest mastabas of the Old Kingdom have prayers to him carved into their walls, and he is mentioned in the Pyramid Texts in his most celebrated role as a guardian and protector of the dead.
Anubis's parentage is a mystery -- in one tradition he is the son of Nebt-het (Nephthys) and Ra. In yet another, from the Coffin Text period, the cow goddess Hesat is his mother and, from the same source, Bastet is even accounted as his mother. The Pyramid Texts even supply Anubis with a daughter in the form of the goddess Qeb-hwt ("Cooling Water") -- a celestial serpent or ostrich Who purifies and quenches the monarch.
Anubis is depicted most often as a man with the head of a black canid with alert, pointed ears. He is also represented by a full black canid wearing ribbons and holding a flagellum in the crook of its arm. Very rarely is he ever shown fully human, though there are some cases (such as in the temple of Ramesses II of Abydos) of this. Perhaps the most famous representation of Anubis, the gold-gilded wooden canid found in the tomb of Tutankhamen, was doubtlessly placed there as a protector of the dead and guardian of the tomb.
Anubis is the Egyptian patron of mummification and the leader of the dead on their path through the underworld. He is rarely depicted as wholly human (except for the Temple of Abydos of Ramses II) generally he is a man with the black head of a jackal & sometimes he is shown in his pure jackal form.
Anubis is one of the more ancient gods and was the god of the dead before Osiris took that lofty title. At which point the jackal was appointed conductor of souls in the underworld.
Anubis in Hieroglyphics:
Anubis was the old caretaker of the dead his job was to hold the scales that the deceased,s heart was weighted. If the deceased's heart was lighter than the feather of Maat the dead would be led by Anubis to Osiris if not the demom Ammmet would gobble it up and the deceased would not enter the Sea of reeds and live for ever. He is depicted as a jackaloras a man with a jackel,s head as there were jackal and wild dogs on the edge of the cemetery's. The cult of Anubis is very ancient it probably pre- dates the cult of Osiris he was worshiped into the second century AD. He is the son of Seth and Nephthys his mother exposed her son and instead of dying he was found by Isis his aunt raised him he is Horus's cousin. His Egyptian name is Inpu we know him by his Greek name.
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