Anubis, 5 Definition(s)
Anubis is the Egyptian patron of mummification and the leader of the dead on their path through the underworld. He is rarely depicted as wholly human (except for the Temple of Abydos of Ramses II) generally he is a man with the black head of a jackal & sometimes he is shown in his pure jackal form.
Anubis is one of the more ancient gods and was the god of the dead before Osiris took that lofty title. At which point the jackal was appointed conductor of souls in the underworld.
Anubis in Hieroglyphics:
Anubis, who the ancient Egyptians called Ienpw (phonetically "Yinepu"), is the mysterious canid funerary deity of ancient Egypt. Even the meaning of his name is unknown -- speculations range from "Royal Child" to having derived from the world for "to putrefy". Both certainly fit the deity, who was at various points in time of Egyptian history known as the lord of the dead before Osiris and, later, became popularly known as the son of Osiris. Anubis is an extremely ancient deity. The oldest mastabas of the Old Kingdom have prayers to him carved into their walls, and he is mentioned in the Pyramid Texts in his most celebrated role as a guardian and protector of the dead.
Anubis's parentage is a mystery -- in one tradition he is the son of Nebt-het (Nephthys) and Ra. In yet another, from the Coffin Text period, the cow goddess Hesat is his mother and, from the same source, Bastet is even accounted as his mother. The Pyramid Texts even supply Anubis with a daughter in the form of the goddess Qeb-hwt ("Cooling Water") -- a celestial serpent or ostrich Who purifies and quenches the monarch.
Anubis is depicted most often as a man with the head of a black canid with alert, pointed ears. He is also represented by a full black canid wearing ribbons and holding a flagellum in the crook of its arm. Very rarely is he ever shown fully human, though there are some cases (such as in the temple of Ramesses II of Abydos) of this. Perhaps the most famous representation of Anubis, the gold-gilded wooden canid found in the tomb of Tutankhamen, was doubtlessly placed there as a protector of the dead and guardian of the tomb.
Anubis was closely associated with spiritual transitions and journeys, especially those of death and the afterlife, Anubis was also known for his knowledgeable wisdom, penetrating insights and keen judgment.
Anubis was one of the few gods revered throughout all the traditions of ancient Egypt, and prayers to him were found carved on the most ancient of the Egyptian tombs.
He was usually represented as a man with a dog's head or as a desert dog.
He was the son of Hathôr and Tatênen.
Also called: Anoubis, Anpu, Inpu, Ienpw, Imeut
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