Angulimala, aka: Ahimsaka, Angulimalaka, Ahiṃsaka; Definition(s)
A robber who was converted by the Buddha in the twentieth year of his ministry, and who, later, became an arahant. His story appears both in the Majjhima Cy., 743ff., and in the Thag. Cy., ii.57ff. The two accounts differ in certain details; I have summarised the two versions.
He was the son of the brahmin Bhaggava, chaplain to the king of Kosala, his mother being Mantani. He was born under the thieves constellation, and on the night of his birth all the armour in the town shone, including that belonging to the king. Because this omen did no harm to anyone the babe was named Ahimsaka. The Thag. Cy. says he was first called Himsaka and then Ahimsaka. See also Ps. of the Brethren, 323, n.3.
At Takkasila he became a favourite at the teachers house, but his jealous fellow students poisoned his teachers mind, and the latter, bent on his destruction, asked as his honorarium a thousand human right hand fingers. Thereupon Ahimsaka waylaid travellers in the Jalini forest in Kosala and killed them, taking a finger from each. The finger bones thus obtained he made into a garland to hang round his neck, hence the name Angulimala.
As a result of his deeds whole villages were deserted, and the king ordered a detachment of men to seize the bandit, whose name nobody knew. But Angulimalas mother, guessing the truth, started off to warn him. By now he lacked but one finger to complete his thousand, and seeing his mother coming he determined to kill her. But the Buddha, seeing his upanissaya, went himself to the wood, travelling thirty yojanas, (DA.i.240; J.iv.180) and intercepted Angulimala on his way to slay his mother. Angulimala was converted by the Buddhas power and received the ehi bhikkhu pabbajja (Thag.868-70) while the populace were yelling at the kings palace for the robbers life. Later, the Buddha presented him before King Pasenadi when the latter came to Jetavana, and Pasenadi, filled with wonder, offered to provide the monk with all requisites. Angulimala, however, had taken on the dhutangas and refused the kings offer.
When he entered Savatthi for alms, he was attacked by the mob, but on the admonition of the Buddha, endured their wrath as penance for his former misdeeds.
According to the Dhammapadatthakatha (iii.169) he appears to have died soon after he joined the Order.
There is a story of how be eased a womans labour pains by an act of truth. The words he used in this saccakiriya (yato aham sabbannutabuddhassa ariyassa ariyaya jatiya jato) have come to be regarded as a paritta to ward off all dangers and constitute the Angulimala Paritta. The water that washed the stone on which he sat in the womans house came to be regarded as a panacea (M.ii.103-4; MA.747f).
In the Angulimala Sutta he is addressed by Pasenadi as Gagga Mantaniputta,
The earlier name of Angulimala.
|· Ahimsaka Sutta||
Records the interview between the Buddha and Ahimsaka Bharadvaja (S.i.164).
|· Angulimala Paritta||
See above; referred to also in the Milindapanha (p.151) in a list of Parittas.
|· Angulimala Sutta||
Contains the story of the bandits conversion and the bliss of his deliverance. M...
|· Angulimala Pitaka||
Given in a list of heretical works. SA.ii.150; Sp.iv.742.
|· Ahimsaka Bharadvaja||
One of the Bharadvaja brothers. He came to the Buddha at Savatthi and the Bu...
1. Gagga - A monk. He became insane, and in this condition did many things unw...
A Yakkha. See the Pancavudha Jataka. He is identified with Angulimala. J.i.275.
takkasilā : (f.) name of city in Gandāra, where was well known university.
|· Sutano Jataka||
The Bodhisatta was once a poor householder, named Sutana, and supported his pa...
|· Jayaddisa Jataka||
Twice the sons of Pancala, king of Kampilla, were devoured by an ogress who ha...
1) Paritta, 2 (nt.) & Parittā (f.) (fr. pari+trā, cp. tāṇa, tāyati & also paritt...
Kāya (काय) is a Sanskrit technical term referring to the anabolic character o...
|· Angulimaliya Sutra||
The Angulimaliya Sutra is a Buddhist scripture belonging to the Tathagatagarbha ...
The name given to the porisada (cannibal) in the Mahasutasoma Jataka. Before b...
|· Pancavudha Jataka||
The Bodhisatta born as king of Benares. He was the son of Brahmadatta, and was...
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